4329.0.00.003 - Patterns of Use of Mental Health Services and Prescription Medications, 2011  
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PSYCHOSTIMULANTS, AGENTS USED FOR ADHD AND NOOTROPICS

Psychostimulants, agents used for ADHD and nootropics are medications used for treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and to improve impaired cognitive abilities[1].

NUMBER OF PEOPLE ACCESSING PSYCHOSTIMULANT, AGENTS USED FOR ADHD AND NOOTROPIC MEDICATIONS IN 2011

There were 81,400 people (0.4% of the Australian population) who had at least one PBS subsidised prescription for Psychostimulants, agents used for ADHD and nootropic medications filled in 2011. Almost two-thirds (65.2%) of these were males aged 0-24 years and a further 17.5% were females of the same age.

Graph Image for Proportion of population accessing PBS subsidised Psychostimulants, agents used for ADHD and nootropic medications in 2011

Source(s): The Mental Health Services-Census Integrated Dataset



For information on other socio-demographic characteristics of people who accessed at least one PBS subsidised Psychostimulant, agents used for ADHD and nootropic medication in 2011 see Datacube Table 2.

COMBINATIONS OF TREATMENT TYPE

Of all people who had at least one PBS subsidised prescription for Psychostimulants, agents used for ADHD and nootropic medications filled in 2011, around one in five (21.4%) also had at least one MBS subsidised consultation with a Psychiatrist in 2011, 18.1% also had at least one MBS subsidised mental health-related consultation with a GP, and 17.0% also had at least one PBS subsidised prescription filled for Antidepressant medications.

More than half (53.7%) had only a prescription for Psychostimulants, agents used for ADHD and nootropic medications filled in 2011, with no other type of MBS or PBS subsidised mental health-related treatment in 2011. It should however be noted that paediatrician services were not captured in the Mental Health Services-Census Integrated Dataset on which this analysis is based, and that a proportion of these people may have received their scripts from paediatricians in 2011.

Graph Image for Proportion of pop. accessing PBS subsidised Psychostimulants etc. medications in 2011, Type of service and or medication

Source(s): The Mental Health Services-Census Integrated Dataset



For information on socio-demographic characteristics of people who accessed at least one PBS subsidised Psychostimulant, agents used for ADHD and nootropic medication in 2011 in combination with other treatment types see Datacube Table 2.

NUMBER OF PRESCRIPTIONS FOR FILLED IN 2011

People who had at least one PBS subsidised prescription for Psychostimulants, agents used for ADHD and nootropic medications filled in 2011 had an average of 7.0 scripts filled during the year. Around one in nine (11.2%) had only one script filled in 2011, while around one in five (19.1%) had 11–13 scripts. This would equate to around one script per month in 2011.

Graph Image for Proportion of people who had a Psychostimulant etc. medication in 2011, by number of prescriptions(a)

Footnote(s): (a) People who had at least one Psychostimulant etc. medication in 2011.

Source(s): The Mental Health Services-Census Integrated Dataset



While males were more likely than females to have had a prescription for Psychostimulants, agents used for ADHD and nootropic medications filled in 2011 (0.6% compared with 0.2% respectively), their average numbers of scripts filled were similar (7.1 scripts on average for males and 6.9 scripts for females).

Across age there was relatively little variation in the average number of scripts filled by people who accessed Psychostimulants, agents used for ADHD and nootropic medications in 2011. Similarly there was relatively little variation across other socio-demographic characteristics such as geography, labour force status and household income.

For information on other socio-demographic characteristics of people who accessed at least one PBS subsidised Psychostimulant, agents used for ADHD and nootropic medication in 2011 by number of prescriptions filled, see Datacube Table 5.


ENDNOTES

1. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2009, Mental health-related prescriptions, <http://www.aihw.gov.au/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=6442457113>, last accessed 18/03/2016.