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EQUIVALISED HOUSEHOLD INCOME
Between 2001 and 2006, mean equivalised gross household income for Indigenous people rose by 9% (after adjustment for inflation using the Consumer Price Index), which is the same level of growth observed for non-Indigenous people over the same period. The relative income disparity between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people remained constant, compared with 2001. Overall, the mean equivalised gross household income for Indigenous people is approximately 62% of the corresponding figure for non-Indigenous people.
At a national level, Indigenous people counted in the Census represented 2.4% of the population with a known Indigenous status, however, Indigenous people made up 4.8% of the people with a known Indigenous status in the lowest income quintile, and only 0.6% of the highest income quintile. Approximately 45% of all Indigenous people were in the lowest income quintile.
For some households in the lowest income quintile, income levels may not accurately reflect their level of economic wellbeing. This is particularly so for households that have unincorporated businesses or have access to wealth. There are more of these households in the non-Indigenous population compared with the Indigenous population. To better compare households with low levels of economic resources, 'low resource' households have been defined as households in the lowest income quintile excluding those that own their home (with or without a mortgage) or where a household member was an owner manager of an unincorporated business. Under this definition, 39% of Indigenous people were living in low resource households, compared with 8% of non-Indigenous people.
Approximately 6% of Indigenous people were in the highest income quintile. Of these, almost 54% resided in Major Cities, compared with 80% for non-Indigenous people. Over 12% of Indigenous people in the highest income quintile resided in Remote or Very Remote areas, compared with less than 2% of non-Indigenous people in the highest income quintile.
Persons in Highest Household Income Quintile(a) By remoteness areas, Residents of occupied private dwellings(b)
Indigenous areas, as defined by the Australian Indigenous Geographical Classification (AIGC), around the capital cities generally had the largest proportion of Indigenous people in the highest income quintile. Indigenous areas associated with mining also tended to have a relatively large proportion of Indigenous people in the highest income quintile.
Indigenous households in the lowest income quintile were most likely to be one parent families with dependent children (37%), followed by lone person households (22%). Other households (households with no identified Indigenous people) in this quintile were most likely to be lone person households (49%), followed by couple families with no children (21%).