Contextual data needs include information about factors relevant to systematic, community or individual characteristics, as well as the formation and effects of attitudes.
The following contextual factors may influence the vulnerability of individuals as both victims and perpetrators:
- socioeconomic status;
- social dislocation;
- social and geographical isolation;
- criminal histories;
- recurrence of abuse or violence;
- mental health;
- patterns of substance use and abuse in the general community;
- age-groups and population groups of interest (for example, children and youth); and
Contextual factors may also contribute towards the formation of attitudes about subpopulations and the use of violence, as well as the attitudes held within particular groups. Attitudes of particular interests that emerged in consultation with experts, key stakeholders and users were those about:
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- women, children and elders;
- those within particular sub-populations (such as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and people with disabilities); and
- those within specific ethnic or religious groups.