4364.0.55.005 - Australian Health Survey: Biomedical Results for Chronic Diseases, 2011-12  
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Contents >> Cardiovascular disease


Cardiovascular disease remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide. In 2011, ischaemic heart disease, which includes angina, blocked arteries of the heart and heart attacks, was the leading cause of death for all Australians, representing 14.6% of all deaths registered in 2011.1 The onset of cardiovascular disease can be delayed or prevented through reducing risk factors such as lowering cholesterol, following a healthy diet and avoidance of smoking.

The main indicators of cardiovascular disease that were measured in the National Health Measures Survey (NHMS) were cholesterol, including total, high density lipoprotein (HDL) and low density lipoprotein (LDL), and triglycerides.

Blood pressure is also an important measure of cardiovascular risk and was measured for all persons in the Australian Health Survey (AHS). Detailed information on the prevalence of high blood pressure and hypertension for all Australians can be found in Australian Health Survey: Updated Results, 2011–12.


1 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Mar 2013, Causes of Death Australia, ABS cat. no. 3303.0, <https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/3303.0Chapter42011>, Last accessed 02/07/2013.

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