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INNOVATION-ACTIVE BUSINESSES AND COLLABORATION
Overall, 22% of innovation-active businesses reported at least one type of collaborative arrangement. The most frequently reported collaborative arrangement for these businesses was joint marketing or distribution (12%) with innovation-active businesses employing 200 or more persons the most likely to report this type of collaborative arrangement (17%). Businesses in this employment size range were more than six times more likely to report that they were part of an integrated supply chain than those with 0-4 persons employed (14% and 2% respectively). Businesses employing 200 or more persons were also more than twice as likely to report any collaborative arrangements (43%) than businesses with 5-19 persons employed, which were the least likely to report any collaborative arrangements (21%).
The proportion of innovation-active businesses involved in some form of collaborative arrangement ranged from 8% in Construction to 37% in Information media and telecommunications. The most frequently reported arrangement among all businesses, joint marketing or distribution (12%) was most likely to be reported by businesses in Retail trade (20%), Information media and technology (18%) and Rental, hiring and real estate services (16%). Joint production was the most frequently reported by businesses in Information media and telecommunications (21%), Mining (20%) and Professional, scientific and technical services (18%).
Businesses that reported innovative activity were asked to indicate the type and location of the business(es) they collaborated with for the purpose of innovation. Businesses could select more than one type of organisation and were asked to indicate if that organisation was located within Australia or overseas.
Overall, suppliers of equipment, materials, components or software were the most common collaboration partners for innovation-active businesses. Suppliers of equipment, materials, components or software were also the most frequently reported type of collaborative partner for innovation-active businesses with 5-19 persons employed (47%), 20-199 persons employed (42%) and with 200 or more persons employed (44%).
The proportion of innovation-active businesses reporting collaboration with clients, customers or buyers, in any location, decreased with each successive employment size, from 42% for businesses with 0-4 persons employed to 27% for businesses with 200 or more persons employed. Clients, customers and buyers, in any location, was the most likely collaborative partner for innovation-active businesses with 0-4 persons employed.
For the purposes of innovation, businesses were more likely to collaborate with other organisations within Australia, rather than from overseas. Within Australia, the most common collaboration partners were suppliers of equipment, materials, components or software and clients, customers or buyers (both 39%). The most common types of overseas collaborative partners for innovation-active businesses were suppliers of equipment, materials, components or software (9%) and competitors and other businesses from the same industry (5%).
Half of all innovation-active businesses in the Transport, postal and warehousing industry reported collaborating with other businesses related to the business within Australia for innovation. Just over two thirds of innovation-active businesses in Retail trade reported collaborating with suppliers of equipment, materials, components or software within Australia. The proportion of innovation-active businesses that reported collaboration with universities and government agencies within Australia was relatively low across most industries. Some exceptions were; 23% of innovation-active businesses in Agriculture, forestry and fishing collaborated with government agencies and 12% of innovation-active businesses in Arts and recreation services reported collaborating with universities.