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Includes capital expenditure on communications equipment such as telecommunications equipment, main exchange and switching equipment and television and radio broadcast studio equipment. Capital expenditure on computer hardware includes computers, file servers, printers and other peripherals. Other equipment and machinery includes transport vehicles and industrial machinery.
Capital expenditure on 'other'
Includes capital expenditure on land and other intangible assets, excluding software. This includes capital expenditure on research and development and licenses.
Capital expenditure on software
Includes capital expenditure on licence fees, installation costs and computer software developed in-house. Also includes software expensed during the reference period. Software and hardware costs that cannot be separated are included in Capital expenditure on equipment and machinery under the item 'Computer hardware'.
Capital expenditure on structures, buildings and dwellings
Capital expenditure incurred acquiring dwellings, other buildings and structures, including offices, transmitter towers, pipelines, cables and communication lines. Includes expenses (except capitalised interest) incurred during the year in acquiring such assets. Excludes capital expenditure on land.
Capitalised wages and salaries
Capitalised payment of wages and salaries for work done by own employees in manufacturing, constructing, installing or repairing assets, mineral and petroleum exploration activities or in developing computer software in-house for use by the business or for rental or lease.
The practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server or personal computer.
Refer to 'Capital expenditure on equipment and machinery'.
Refer to 'Capital expenditure on equipment and machinery'.
See the entries for Royalties income and expenses.
Depreciation and amortisation
Depreciation/amortisation allowed on tangible and intangible assets. Includes, for lessees only, depreciation/amortisation in respect of finance leases.
Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA)
Profit prior to the deduction of net interest (interest income minus interest expenses), income tax, depreciation and amortisation. Items classifiable to other income are also excluded.
Refer to the entry for Operating Profit Before Tax (OPBT) for a further definition of profit.
Employer contribution to superannuation
Includes all employer contributions to superannuation funds (including the employer productivity contribution) and provisions for employer contributions to superannuation funds. Also includes expenses relating to employer funded defined benefit schemes. Employee contributions and salary sacrifice contributions are excluded.
Employment at end of June
Number of persons working for businesses during the last pay period ending in June of the given year. Includes working proprietors and partners, employees absent on paid or prepaid leave, employees on workers' compensation who continue to be paid through the payroll, and contract workers paid through the payroll. Excludes non-salaried directors and volunteers.
Fringe benefits tax
Fringe benefits tax is payable by employers when certain benefits in excess of normal wages or salaries (e.g. free or discounted goods or services) are received by their employees (or associates of employees) in connection with their employment.
The structure of ANZSIC comprises four levels, ranging from industry division (broadest level) to industry class (finest level). The main purpose of the industry division level is to provide a limited number of categories which give a broad overall picture of the economy. There are 19 divisions within ANZSIC, each identified by an alphabetical letter, e.g. 'J' for Information Media and Telecommunications.
The structure of ANZSIC comprises four levels, ranging from industry division (broadest level) to industry class (finest level). Industry groups are built up from industry classes and identified by a three-digit code, e.g. Industry Group 551 for Motion Picture and Video Activities.
This is the broadest level category within each industry division of ANZSIC and is identified by a two-digit code, e.g. Industry Subdivision 55 for Motion Picture and Sound Recording Activities. Industry subdivisions are built up from industry groups which, in turn, are built up from industry classes.
IVA is an estimate of the difference between the market value of the output of an industry and the purchases of materials and expenses incurred in the production of that output.
The derivation of IVA for individual businesses depends on whether they are classified as market or non-market producers. Non-market producers are those institutions which provide goods or services either free or at prices that are not economically significant. In other words, their prices are not significantly influenced by the amounts that producers are willing to supply, nor the amounts that users are willing to pay to purchase the goods or services being provided. Conversely, market producers provide goods and services at prices that are economically significant.
For market producers, the derivation of IVA is as follows:
Capital work done for own use
Purchases of goods and materials
Other intermediate input expenses
However, it should be noted that IVA is a measure of economic activity and is not equivalent to operating profit before tax (OPBT). Wage and salary expenses, and most other labour costs, are not taken into account in the calculation for market producers, neither are interest expenses, depreciation or a number of lesser expenses. On the income side, OPBT includes total income, whereas IVA only includes sales and service income and government funding for operational costs.
As a principle, the output of non-market production is valued at cost, including intermediate input expenses. As shown in the above derivation, purchases and other intermediate input expenses are deducted from output in order to arrive at IVA.
Accordingly, the derivation of IVA for non-market producers can be described as follows:
Estimates of industry value added are obtained by summing the contributions of businesses classified to that industry, both market and (if any) non-market producers. Market producers predominate in most industries.
Industry value added is related to, but different from, the national accounting variable gross value added (GVA). For national accounts purposes, GVA is calculated by adjusting IVA to include General government units and also to account for some other effects, such as inventory holding adjustments and adjustments for financial intermediary services, insurance services, and prices, taxes and subsidies.
Definition of Division J of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification, 2006 edition. Not to be confused with Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) which refers to the technologies that enable information to be accessed, stored, processed , transformed, manipulated and disseminated.
Includes interest paid on loans from banks, finance companies, partners, and related or unrelated businesses, and in respect of finance leases. Also includes interest equivalents such as hedging costs and expenses associated with discounted bills. Excludes bank charges other than interest, and capital repayments.
Includes interest received from deposits in banks and non-bank financial institutions, loans, advances, finance leases and earnings on discounted bills. Excludes capital payments received.
Internet Protocol Television (IPTV)
The process of transmitting and broadcasting television programs through the internet. A broadband connection is used as the medium of transmission for IPTV.
Legal services expenses
Includes payments to other businesses/self-employed persons for the provision of legal services.
Businesses which produce both traditional print media published output and online published output.
Operating profit before tax (OPBT)
Profit before extraordinary items are brought to account and prior to the deduction of income tax and appropriations to owners (e.g. dividends paid), i.e. total income less total expenses plus change in inventories.
Other equipment and machinery
Refer to 'Capital expenditure on equipment and machinery.'
Expenditure items not separately itemised. Examples include bad and doubtful debts, land tax and land rates and other operating expenses.
Income from sources not separately itemised, including:
Over-the-top (OTT) services
Communications accessed via the internet rather than a carrier's or communication service provider's own dedicated, managed network.
Payments to businesses for staff
Includes payments to other businesses for the provision of staff. Includes payments to recruitment agencies for staff.
Payments to contractors for services
Includes payments to other businesses and self-employed persons for the provision of selected services, including administrative support services, IT support and cleaning.
A tax levied by state and territory governments on the amount of wages and salaries paid by a business. Excludes pay-as-you-go withholding tax.
The percentage of sale and service income available as operating profit before tax (OPBT), i.e. (OPBT divided by sales and service income) multiplied by 100.
Comprises purchases of materials, components and utilities, and purchases of finished goods for resale (for example mobile phones and pre-recorded media). Excludes capitalised purchases.
Pure play internet publishers include businesses who only publish content on the internet. These businesses do not publish traditional (non-internet) versions of the content they create.
Rent, leasing and hiring expenses
Includes expenses related to the rental of land, buildings and other structures. Other rent, leasing and hiring expenses includes expenses associated with the rent of equipment such as computers and motor vehicles.
Rent, leasing and hiring income
Income derived from the ownership of land, dwellings, buildings and other structures, motor vehicles, plant, machinery and other equipment. Excludes income from finance leases and payments received under hire purchase arrangements.
Covers payments to other businesses/self-employed persons for the right to use or distribute intellectual property such as film and music. This includes payments under licensing arrangements, payments for the use of patents and copyrights; including film licenses, music originals and publishing rights (literary, photos).
Mechanical royalties are incurred when a song is reproduced, either in hard copy (CD) or downloaded over the internet.
Includes income received in exchange for the right to use or distribute content such as music and film.
Includes income from sales of goods and services provided. Goods and services specific to the IMT industry include:
These are valued net of discounts given and exclusive of goods and services tax (GST). Extraordinary items are also excluded.
See the entry for employer contributions into superannuation.
Includes wholesale network payments, purchase of bandwidth, telephone service costs and web hosting services. Excluded are repair and maintenance expenses and the costs of leasing telecommunications equipment.
The sum of all expense components.
The sum of all income components.
Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
A system for converting analogue signals to digital so that telephone calls may be made over the internet.
Wages and salaries
The gross wages and salaries (including capitalised wages and salaries) of all employees of the business. The item includes severance, termination and redundancy payments, salaries and fees of directors and executives, retainers and commissions of persons who received a retainer, bonuses, and annual and other types of leave. Provision expenses for employee entitlements (e.g. provisions for annual leave and leave bonus, long service leave, sick leave, and severance, termination and redundancy payments) are also included, as are salary sacrificed earnings and remuneration of employees in the form of share based payments and stock options.
Payments related to self-employed persons such as consultants, contractors and persons paid solely by commission without a retainer are excluded. The drawings of working proprietors and partners are also excluded.
Wage and salary expenses
Similar to the Wages and Salaries data item except this item excludes capitalised wages and salaries, share based payments and salary sacrificed earnings.
Workers' compensation premiums/costs
Workers' compensation is a compulsory insurance cover to be taken out by all employers, except for self-insured workers, according to legislative schemes to cover employees suffering injury or disease in the course of or arising out of employment.
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