TECHNICAL NOTE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY
1 The availability of Business Activity Statement (BAS) data collected by the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) has provided the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) with opportunities to improve the efficiency of collection designs and estimation for its business surveys, while at the same time reducing the reporting burden placed on businesses. Under taxation law, data may be passed by the Commissioner for Taxation to the ABS for specified statistical purposes. Accordingly, turnover and wages information sourced from ATO BAS data was used to improve the accuracy of estimates which were produced using data items collected directly by the ABS from businesses.
2 The 2012–13 Retail and Wholesale Industries Survey uses generalised regression estimation. This estimation method enables maximum use of observed linear relationships between data directly collected from businesses in the survey and auxiliary information. When the auxiliary information is strongly correlated with data items collected in a survey, the generalised regression estimation methodology will improve the accuracy of the estimates. The auxiliary variables used in this survey were turnover and wages sourced from the BAS data of 134,342 businesses (including the direct collect sample).
3 The following diagram illustrates the ways in which Australian businesses contribute to the estimates in this publication.
For the purpose of compiling the estimates in this publication, data for businesses as recorded on the ABS Business Register (ABSBR) contribute via one of two categories (or 'streams') in accordance with significance and collection related characteristics.
Stream 1: Completely enumerated (CE) stream
The CE stream consists of directly collected survey data for those units recorded on the ABSBR as having employment of at least 300, plus additional economically significant units and units significant to small state estimates.
Stream 2: Generalised regression estimation stream
The generalised regression estimation stream comprises directly collected data for those sampled units which are not in the CE stream and have turnover, in aggregate, above the bottom 2.5 percentile of BAS sales for that Subdivision, or are identified as employing businesses (based on ATO information).
Estimates for each of the selected industries were produced by aggregating the contributing data streams.
STATE AND TERRITORY ESTIMATES
For information on the method used to compile state and territory estimates refer to Technical Note: State and Territory Estimates