State and territory performance
In 2018-19, east coast states New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland accounted for the largest share of each of the three key state economic indicators: sales and service income, employment and wages and salaries.
The key economic indicators for most states and territories were comparable to the population distribution in the Estimated Resident Population. New South Wales had the largest population share at 31.9%, corresponding to the largest share of total sales and services income at 32.5%. Northern Territory had the smallest population share at 1.0% which corresponded to the smallest share in total sales and service income at 1.0%.
State and territory growth
In 2018-19, when compared to 2017-18:
- All states and territories experienced growth in all three indicators, except Northern Territory, which declined across all three items.
- The east coast states (New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland) drove growth for employment, wages and salaries and sales and service income.
- Western Australia's large contribution to sales and service income growth was driven by the Mining industry.
Sales and service income across states and territories
- Health care and social assistance saw the most employment growth in most states and territories.
- New South Wales had the largest share of sales and service income at 32.5% ($1,143.6b), followed by Victoria at 25.1% ($881.9b).
- Wholesale trade was the largest industry for New South Wales and Victoria.
- Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory contributed the least to overall sales and service income, each respectively accounting for 1.4% ($50.0b), 1.2% ($43.3b) and 1.0% ($36.4b).
- The Retail trade and Wholesale trade were the top contributing industries to sales and service income for South Australia and Queensland.
Employment across states and territories
- The Mining industry contributed $155.7b (31.3%) to sales and service income for Western Australia.
In June 2019:
- New South Wales had the largest share of national employment at 3.9 million people (33.9%), followed by Victoria at 3.0 million people (26.2%) and Queensland at 2.2 million people (19.1%).
- The Retail trade and Health care and social assistance industries were the two largest employers for Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania.
- For both New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, Professional, scientific and technical services was the highest employing industry.
Wages and salaries across states and territories
- In the Northern Territory, the Construction industry contributed the most to employment.
- New South Wales accounted for the largest share of wages and salaries at 33.9% ($207.1b), followed by Victoria at 25.7% ($156.7b) and Queensland at 18.6% ($113.4b).
- The industry with the largest share of wages and salaries for New South Wales, Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory was Professional, scientific and technical services.
- For Queensland and the Northern Territory, Construction was the industry with the largest share of wages and salaries.
- For South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania, Manufacturing, Mining and Health care and social assistance respectively contributed the most to the state's total wages and salaries.
- Tasmania had the lowest average wages and salaries per person employed at approximately $45,100, while Northern Territory had the highest wages and salaries per person employed at approximately $61,400.
Note that average wages and salaries have been calculated using wages and salaries for the full financial year 2018-19 which exclude the drawings of working proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses, whereas employment is a point in time estimate at June 2019 and includes working proprietors and partners, so the ratio should be used with caution.
For more information and estimates classified by state and territory refer to Table 6 'States and territories by industry division' in the 'Australian industry by division' data cube.
For information about the method used to derive state and territory estimates, please refer to the Technical note on state and territory estimates in this release.