Private Non-Profit Resources Devoted to Research and Experimental Development (R&D)
- Expenditure on R&D performed by Australian private non-profit (PNP) organisations during the 2018-19 financial year was $1,269 million.
- Private non-profit expenditure on R&D (PNPERD) increased by 22% in current price terms and 20% in chain volume terms between 2016-17 and 2018-19.
- PNPERD as a proportion of GDP increased from 0.06% in 2016-17 to 0.07% in 2018-19.
Private non-profit Resources Devoted to R&D
|Expenditure on R&D |
|Current prices ||$m |
|Chain volume measures(a) ||$m |
|Human resources devoted to R&D ||PYE |
|(a) The reference year for chain volume measures is 2018-19. See Explanatory Notes for details. |
Expenditure figures and supporting commentary below are presented in current price values.
Private non-profit expenditure on R&D (PNPERD)
Type of expenditure
- PNPERD included $1,205 million (95%) in Current expenditure and $64 million (5%) in Capital expenditure. Compared with 2016-17, Current expenditure increased $216 million (22%) and Capital expenditure increased $13 million (26%).
Source of funds
- The largest component of PNPERD was Labour costs, at $691 million (54%), followed by Other current expenditure, which includes all other non-staff expenditure, at $514 million (41%). Labour costs recorded the largest increase in PNPERD, up $119 million (21%) from 2016-17.
- The two main sources of funds for PNPERD were Commonwealth government funds ($432 million or 34% of PNPERD) and Own funds ($283 million or 22% of PNPERD).
- Commonwealth government funding recorded the largest dollar increase between 2016-17 and 2018-19, up $47 million (12%). This was followed by Donations and bequests, up $44 million (99%).
Location of expenditure relates to the region in which R&D activity was performed. Please refer to the Location of R&D section of the Explanatory Notes for further information.
- Victoria ($574 million) and New South Wales ($441 million) accounted for 80% of PNPERD.
PNPERD, Top 5 Locations
PNPERD and Gross State Product (GSP)
- Between 2016-17 and 2018-19, New South Wales recorded the largest increase in dollar terms up $110 million (33%), followed by Victoria up $58 million (11%).
Type of activity
PNPERD, by location of expenditure - proportion of GSP(a)
| - nil or rounded to zero (including null cells). |
| np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated.|
|(a) Refer to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross State Product (GSP) section of the Explanatory Notes for details. |
- The largest component of Type of activity was Applied research totalling $488 million (38% of PNPERD), followed by Strategic basic research, at $466 million (37%), Experimental development at $271 million (21%) and Pure basic research at $45 million (4%).
Fields of Research (FOR)
- Between 2016-17 and 2018-19, Applied research recorded the largest increase in dollar terms, up $118 million (32%).
- Medical and Health Sciences, at $1,074 million remained the largest Field of Research accounting for three quarters (85%) of total PNPERD.
Socio-economic Objective (SEO)
- Medical and Health Sciences recorded the largest dollar increase of $177 million (20%) between 2016-17 and 2018-19.
- The majority of PNPERD (88%) was directed to the Socio-economic Objective of Health ($1,118 million) in 2018-19, followed by Education and Training ($39 million or 3%).
Private non-profit human resources devoted to R&D
- Between 2016-17 and 2018-19, Health recorded the largest dollar increase, up $186 million (20%).
- Australian non-profit organisations devoted a total of 7,205 person years of effort (PYE) to R&D in 2018-19, an increase of 1,027 PYE (17%) since 2016-17.
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- Researchers accounted for the majority of human resources effort devoted to R&D in 2018-19, totalling 4,703 PYE (65%), followed by Technicians (1,269 PYE or 18%) and Other staff (1,233 or 17%).
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