7127.0 - Agricultural Land and Water Ownership, 2015-16 Quality Declaration 
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 13/09/2017   
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Agricultural business

Businesses are considered to be agricultural if any of their primary or secondary productive activities fall within the Agricultural Subdivision (Subdivision 01) as defined by the 2006 edition of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industry Classification (ANZSIC). Agricultural activity includes the growing and cultivation of horticultural and other crops (excluding forestry), and the controlled breeding, raising or farming of animals (excluding aquaculture).

Agricultural land

Land owned or leased for agricultural purposes.

Australian Business Number (ABN)

When an organisation applies for, and receives, an Australian Business Number (ABN) the business details from their application become part of the Australian Business Registry. The Australian Business Registry is the central collection, storage and verification system for basic business identity information for all entities with an ABN.

Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC)

A standard classification developed for use in Australia and New Zealand for the production and analysis of industry statistics. The standard is also aligned with international standards in industry classification. Industry value estimates, industry financial estimates and trade export estimates are all presented in terms of ANZSIC. ANZSIC Subdivision 01, Agriculture, includes classes such as fruit industries (classes 0131-0139), beef cattle farming (class 0142), and pigs (class 0192).

Estimated Value of Agricultural Operations (EVAO)

EVAO is an ABS construct used to estimate the relative size of agricultural activity undertaken by a business. Three-year average weighted prices are applied to livestock sales and livestock numbers on the farm, and to area and production data for crops. The resultant aggregation of these commodity values is the EVAO. It is not an indicator of the value of receipts of individual farms (turnover) but rather an indicator of the size or extent of agricultural activity. A three year average weight price is used to minimise the effects of both large movements in commodity prices and seasonal conditions which may otherwise unduly influence a business’ EVAO. For businesses with no previously reported agricultural activity a derived value of operations based on turnover reported in its Businesses Activity Statement (BAS) is used as a proxy.
The scope used for the 2016 ALWOS is all agricultural businesses with an EVAO of $5,000 or greater. This is the same scope cut-off value as that used in the previous two ALWOS and allows for comparability between the surveys.

Foreign ownership

Foreign ownership is where an individual, enterprise or other organisation that does not usually reside in Australia owns all or part of the business, either directly or through an enterprise or organisation that does usually reside in Australia. An individual, enterprise or organisation usually resides in Australia if it was resident in Australia for six months or more during the previous twelve months. It excludes any bank or other overseas financial institution that holds a mortgage for the business.

Megalitre (ML)

One million litres.


For the purposes of this survey, a long term lease (of five or more consecutive elapsed years) of land is considered to be equivalent to ownership of that land.

Water entitlement

A perpetual or ongoing entitlement to exclusive access to a share of water from a specified source, as defined in the relevant water plan. This includes surface water entitlements and ground water entitlements and water purchased from commercial/private irrigation schemes, and excluding town/tap water provided by the shire or council and water accessed without an entitlement.