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1.11 BUSINESSES WITH AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY BY STATE AND TERRITORY - Year ended 30 June 2006
Table 1.12 shows the key commodities, by value, grown in each state of Australia for the 2005-06 year. The most valuable commodities produced by farm businesses in Australia were cattle and calves for slaughter followed by wheat production and milk production. In total, all commodities contributed $38.5 billion to the Australian economy which represents about 3% of the Gross Domestic Product for that year.
1.12 KEY COMMODITIES PRODUCED BY STATE AND TERRITORY- Year ended 30 June 2006
DIFFERENCE IN CLASSIFICATION
The Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) was used for the first time in the ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing to collect occupation statistics. In the past the Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO) had been used for this purpose. While the classification criteria for ANZSCO are essentially the same as those used for ASCO, the application of the skill level criterion has changed.
In ASCO, the skill level required for entry to an occupation was considered. In ANZSCO, it is the skill level required for competent performance of the set of tasks associated with the occupation which is used. This difference in the application of skill level has contributed to the difference between the amount of people classified as farmers using each classification.
In ASCO 'farm overseer' had a separate classification but it is now included across many categories in ANZSCO, including farmers and farm managers, and makes the largest contribution to the difference between farmer numbers in ASCO and ANZSCO. The number of farming families using the ANZSCO classification is 103,701.
In this article farmers and farmers in farming families were classified using the Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO) to allow comparison with the article Australian Social Trends 2003, Farming Families (cat. no. 4102.0).
LIST OF REFERENCES
Alston, M 2004, 'Who is down on the farm? Social aspects of Australian agriculture in the 21st century', Agriculture and Human Values, vol. 21, pp. 37-46.
Alston, M & Kent, J 2004, Social impacts of drought: a report to NSW Agriculture, Centre for Social Research, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga.
Australian Social Trends, 2003, Farming families (ABS cat. no. 4102.0).
Australian Social Trends, 2007, Low Income Low Wealth Households (ABS cat. no. 4102.0).
Agricultural Commodities, Australia, 2005-06 (ABS cat. no. 7121.0).
Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, February 2008 (ABS cat. no. 6291.0.55.003).
Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia, 2005-06 (ABS cat. no. 7503.0).
Barclay, E, Foskey, R & Reeve, I 2007, Farm Succession and Inheritance – Comparing Australian and International Trends, Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra.
Cary, JW, Webb, TJ & Barr, NF 2002, Understanding landholders’ capacity to change to sustainable practices. Insights about practice adoption and social capacity for change, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra.
Land & Water Australia 2005, Australia's farmers, past, present and future, Land & Water Australia, Canberra.
Lim-Applegate, H, Rodriguez, G & Olfert, R 2002, 'Determinants of non-farm labour participation rates among farmers in Australia',The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 85-98.
National Farmers' Federation 2008, 2008 Labour Shortage Action Plan, National Farmers' Federation, Canberra.
Productivity Commission 2005, Trends in Australian Agriculture, Research Paper, Canberra.
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