6224.0.55.001 - Labour Force, Australia: Labour Force Status and Other Characteristics of Families, June 2019 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 03/10/2019   
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One parent families

There were 1.1 million one parent families in June 2019 making up 15% of all families. Of these one parent families, 63% (670,000) had dependants (including children under 15), which is an increase of 110,000 (19%) since 2009. (Table 1)

One parent families with dependants

The vast majority of one parent families with children and dependants were single mother families (85%). Of all one parent families with children and dependants, 53% had a youngest dependant aged 0–9 years. (Table 1, Table 9)

There were 410,000 one parent families where the parent was employed and had dependants, representing 62% of all one parent families with dependants. Of these families:

    • 82% (340,000) had an employed single mother; and
    • 18% (73,000) had an employed single father. (Table 9)

In one parent families with dependants, 60% of single mothers were employed compared with 71% of single fathers. (Table 9)

Nearly three-quarters (73%) of families with employed single mothers and dependants had mothers aged between 35 and 54 years. (Table 7)

The proportion of one parent families with dependants where the parent was employed generally increased with the age of the youngest dependant. The proportion with an employed parent was lowest when the youngest dependant was under 5 (41%) and the highest when the youngest dependant was over 15 (76%). This pattern was more prominent for single mothers. (Table 9)

Graph: One parent families by employment characteristics and age of youngest dependant, June 2019

This is a vertical bar graph. The vertical axis represents the proportion of one parent families expressed as a percentage from zero to eighty per cent. The horizontal axis represents the age of the youngest dependant in five groups. There are two series.