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Actively looking for work
People who were taking active steps to find work. Active steps comprise:
Age of youngest child
Age of the youngest child, 12 years and under, in the household.
Available to start work within four weeks
People who were available to start work within four weeks or, for people with children aged 12 years and under, could start work within four weeks if suitable child care was available.
All usual residents of Australia aged 15 years and over except members of the permanent defence force, certain diplomatic personnel of overseas governments customarily excluded from Census of Population and Housing and estimated resident population counts, overseas residents in Australia, and members of non-Australian defence forces (and their dependants) stationed in Australia.
Contributing family workers
Persons who work without pay in an economic enterprise operated by a relative.
Did not want to work
People who were not classified as employed or unemployed who answered 'no' when asked if they would like a job.
Discouraged job seekers
People aged 15 years and over who, during the reference week:
Two or more people, one of whom is at least 15 years of age, who are related by blood, marriage (registered or de facto), adoption, step or fostering; and who are usually resident in the same household. The basis of a family is formed by identifying the presence of a couple relationship, lone parent-child relationship or other blood relationship. Some households will, therefore, contain more than one family.
Family reasons for not actively looking for work
Includes ill health of someone other than themselves, caring for children and other family considerations.
People who preferred to work 35 hours or more a week. For this survey, full-time preference is derived by applying data collected on respondents' preferred number of hours to those who intended to or might enter the labour force in the next 12 months.
Full-time or part-time status of last job
The perception of people of whether they worked full-time or part-time in their last job.
People waiting to start, within four weeks of the end of the reference week, a new job that they have already obtained (and could have started in the reference week if the job had been available then). Under International Labour Organisation (ILO) guidelines, these persons do not have to be actively looking for work to be classified as unemployed.
Had a job to go to
People who were waiting to start a job, but would not be starting within four weeks. Also includes people who had a job but, up to the end of the reference week, had been away from work without pay for four weeks or longer and had not been actively looking for work.
Intention to enter the labour force in the next 12 months
The intention of people to work or look for work in the 12 months following the interview.
Any paid employment, full-time or part-time, lasting two weeks or more.
The civilian population is split into two mutually exclusive groups: the labour force (employed and unemployed people) and persons not in the labour force. The definitions conform closely to the international standard definitions adopted by the International Conferences of Labour Statisticians.
Left a job
People who are classified as voluntarily ceasing their last job.
Lost a job
People who are classified as involuntarily ceasing their last job.
Main activity when not in the labour force
The main activity of people who are not in the labour force since they last worked or looked for work (or in the last 12 months if they haven't worked in the last year).
Marginal attachment to the labour force
People who were not in the labour force in the reference week, wanted to work and:
The criteria for determining those in the labour force are based on activity (i.e. working or looking for work) and availability to start work during the reference week. The criteria associated with marginal attachment to the labour force, in particular the concepts of wanting to work and reasons for not actively looking for work, are more subjective. Hence, the measurement against these criteria is affected by the respondent’s own interpretation of the concepts used. An individual respondent’s interpretation may be affected by their work aspirations, as well as family, economic and other commitments.
For more information see article Understanding the Australian Labour Force Using ABS Statistics in Labour Force, Australia (6202.0).
Main English-speaking countries
The list of main English-speaking countries provided here is not an attempt to classify countries on the basis of whether or not English is the predominant or official language of each country. It is a list of the main countries from which Australia receives, or has received, significant numbers of overseas settlers who are likely to speak English. These countries comprise the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa and the United States of America.
Occupation of last job
An occupation is a collection of jobs that are sufficiently similar in their title and tasks, skill level and skill specialisation which are grouped together for the purposes of classification. In this publication, occupation refers to Major Group as defined by ANZSCO – Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations, First Edition, Revision 1 (cat. no. 1220.0) and relates to persons who have had a job less than 20 years ago only.
People who preferred to work one to 34 hours a week. For this survey, part-time preference is derived by applying data collected on respondents' preferred number of hours to those who intended to or might enter the labour force in the next 12 months.
Permanently not intending to work
People aged 65 years and over who said they were permanently not intending to work.
Permanently unable to work
This category is used only if a respondent, or a person answering on their behalf, volunteers that he/she or another member of the household is permanently unable to work.
Personal reasons for not actively looking for work
Includes 'own short-term illness or injury' or 'long-term health condition or disability', 'pregnancy', 'attending an educational institution', 'had no need to work', 'welfare payments or pension may be affected', and 'moved house or on holidays'.
Persons in the labour force
People who were classified as being in the labour force, that is, either employed or unemployed.
Persons not in the labour force
People who were not in the categories 'employed' or 'unemployed' as defined.
Persons not in the labour force because they were caring for children, who wanted to work but not actively looking for work
People who wanted to work and:
Preferred number of hours
The number of hours people, who intend to enter the labour force in the next 12 months, would like to work each week.
The week preceding the week in which the interview was conducted.
Status in employment of last job
People who had a job in the last 20 years classified by whether they were employees, employers, own account workers, contributing family workers or unpaid voluntary workers in their last job.
Time since last job
The elapsed time since ceasing the last job.
People aged 15 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, and:
Wanted to work
People not in the labour force who were not actively looking for work who answered 'yes' or 'maybe' when asked if they would like a job, as well as those people not in the labour force who were actively looking. It is assumed those people actively looking want a job.
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