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PEOPLE WHO LOST A JOB OR WERE STOOD DOWN: FLOWS ANALYSIS
Of the 1.8 million people who worked fewer than their usual hours, or no hours at all, for ‘economic reasons’:
The following chart shows that the number of males and females working fewer than their usual hours, or no hours at all, in April 2020 were around 900,000, with a larger rise in the number of females than males.
Chart 1: People working fewer hours than usual, due to No work, not enough work, or being stood down
Source: 6291.0.55.001 Data Cube EM2a
There were also a large number of additional people who worked fewer hours than usual for ‘non-economic’ reasons, such as sickness or caring, taking paid or unpaid leave, or personal/other reasons, which may, or may not, have been voluntary, e.g. they took or were asked to take leave rather than be stood down, took leave to look after children, or were sick (or self-isolating).
People moving in and out of employment, unemployment and not in the labour force
The 900,000 people who moved out of employment between March and April is considerably larger than the average number of people who have generally left employment each month over the last three years (around 300,000 people). Interestingly, around 300,000 people moved into employment between March and April, which is only slightly less than the average over the last three years.
Almost three-quarters of the people who were employed in March but not in April were either not looking for work or not available for work in April (and hence were not in the labour force, rather than being unemployed). Being jobless is not necessarily the same as being unemployed. The proportion of people employed in March who moved to not in the labour force in April was double than of March, while the proportion who moved to unemployment halved.
The following diagrams compare the proportion of people moving between employment, unemployment and not in the labour force in March (i.e. between February and March) and in April (i.e. between March and April), based on the matched sample (See People moving into or out of employment or unemployment in the March issue of this publication for more details).
This comparison highlights:
Diagram 1: Flows in labour force status – March 2020 to April 2020
Diagram 2: Flows in labour force status – February 2020 to March 2020
Technical note on undertaking flows analysis
The flows figures included in this article were derived by 'scaling up' gross flows data to account for the gross flows being based on the matched sample only (7 of the 8 rotation groups). This enables the flows presented to represent the magnitude of change relative to the published monthly estimates of employment and unemployment. This simple scaling does not take into account weighting, population changes, or the unmatched part of the common sample, although it does account for the reduced influence of the incoming rotation group in April estimates (see Insights into the original data).
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