6160.0 - Jobs in Australia, 2011-12 to 2016-17 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 01/08/2019   
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Jobs in New South Wales

Jobs in Australia statistics provide annual information about the number and nature of filled jobs in Australia, the people who hold them and their employers. These statistics are compiled from the recently developed Linked Employer Employee Dataset (LEED). The LEED includes more than 100 million tax records over six consecutive years between 2011-12 and 2016-17, and provides information for over 2,200 different regions across Australia (based on a person’s residence).

This feature article presents information for the New South Wales Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (the Greater Sydney region, and the Rest of New South Wales) (footnote 1).

The ABS would like to acknowledge the collaboration and support of the Northern Territory Department of Treasury and Finance in analysing the state and territory level statistics and developing the eight state and territory spotlights in this release.

The ABS also acknowledges the continuing support of the Australian Tax Office (ATO) in compiling these statistics and enabling unique insights into labour markets across Australia.

Number of employed persons and jobs

In 2016-17, around 2,913,100 people in the Greater Sydney region were employed at some point during the year, who worked across 4,089,300 jobs (footnote 2). The number of employed people increased by 3.5% over the past 12 months, and increased by 9.4% over the previous six years. The number of jobs reflected similar results (up 5.1% and 12.8%, respectively) in the Greater Sydney region.

Of the people employed, 2,477,000 people (85.0%) were single job holders, while 436,000 people (15.0%) worked multiple jobs at the same time during 2016-17. This trend has been consistent over the past six years, with single job holders averaging 85.5% and multiple job holders averaging 14.5% in the Greater Sydney region.

In comparison, there were 1,415,700 employed people in the Rest of New South Wales during 2016-17, which represents an increase of 3.0% from the previous year, and 3.5% from 2011-12. These people worked across 2,004,700 jobs during the year, which reflects a 4.8% increase from 2015-16 and a 4.5% increase from 2011-12 in the number of jobs. The number of jobs was higher in Greater Sydney compared to the Rest of New South Wales (67.1% and 32.9% respectively). This proportion has been relatively stable over the past six years.

In the Rest of New South Wales, 1,190,100 people (84.1%) were single job holders, while 225,600 people (15.9%) worked multiple jobs at the same time during 2016-17. As in the Greater Sydney region, the majority of people worked one job at a time during a year over the past six years. Over this period, single job holders averaged 84.3% whilst multiple job holders averaged 15.7% in the Rest of New South Wales.

Graph 1: Number of jobs and employed persons, 2011-12 to 2016-17

Graph 1: Number of jobs and employed persons, 2011-12 to 2016-17



Across Australia, there were 13.5 million employed people in 2016-17 who worked across 19.2 million jobs during the year. The number of employed people has continued to grow at the national level over the time series (up 2.1% from 2015-16 and up 5.4% from 2011-12). This is also true for the number of jobs worked in Australia (up 3.6% from 2015-16 and up 6.4% from 2011-12).

Of the people employed across Australia, 84.4% of people were single job holders compared to 15.6% who held multiple jobs at the same time throughout 2016-17. This proportion has remained stable over the past six years, with single job holders averaging 85.0% and multiple job holders averaging 15.0%.

Jobs by gender

In the Greater Sydney region, the number of jobs held by males increased by 4.7%, and the number of jobs held by females increased by 5.6% over the past 12 months. Similarly in the Rest of the New South Wales, the number of jobs held by both males and females also grew (up by 4.2% and 5.5% respectively) over the same period.

Compared to 2011-12, the number of jobs held by both males and females increased (up 11.8% and 13.9% respectively) in the Greater Sydney region. In the Rest of New South Wales, the number of jobs held by both males and females also increased (up 2.5% and 6.7% respectively). Nationally, the increase in the number of jobs was a result of growth in jobs by both males and females over the previous 12 months and six years. The growth rate in the number of jobs held by females was greater than males over the time series (7.9% and 5.1% respectively).

In both the Greater Sydney and Rest of New South Wales regions, the number of jobs held in 2016-17 was greater for males (52.1% and 51.5% of jobs, respectively) compared to females (47.9% and 48.5% of jobs, respectively). This was consistent at the national level, with males working across 52.0% of all jobs, compared to females, who worked across 48.0% of total jobs during 2016-17.

Jobs by age

In 2016-17, across the Greater Sydney region, the highest number of jobs were held by people in the 25 to 29 year age group (609,500 jobs), with males in this age group holding a higher proportion of the jobs than females (51.5% and 48.5% respectively). These results were also consistent in the Rest of New South Wales, with males in this age group holding 53.1% of all jobs compared to 46.9% held by females. Over the past six years, this age group filled the most number of jobs in the Greater Sydney Region. Conversely in the Rest of New South Wales, there has been a gradual shift from the 50 to 54 year age group having the highest number of jobs in 2011-12.

Graph 2: Number of jobs by age and region, 2016-17
Graph 2: Number of jobs by age and region, 2016-17

This was also consistent at the national level, with 2.6 million jobs held by people in this age group and males holding a slightly higher proportion of the jobs than females (52.2% and 47.8% respectively) during 2016-17. Similarly, this age group also held the highest number of jobs over the past six years across Australia.

Type of employment

Of the 4,089,300 jobs in the Greater Sydney region in 2016-17, 90.4% of them were employee jobs (footnote 3) and 9.6% were jobs worked by owner managers of unincorporated enterprises. In the Rest of New South Wales, the majority of jobs worked were also employee jobs (87.3%) compared to jobs worked by owner managers of unincorporated enterprises (12.7%) over the same period. This development was also consistent at the national level, with 89.5% of all jobs being employee jobs, and only 10.5% being worked by owner managers of unincorporated enterprises. These proportions have been relatively stable over the six years at both the New South Wales and national level.

Median Income

The median income per job (footnote 4) in Greater Sydney region was higher than in the Rest of the New South Wales ($46,500 and $39,000 respectively) in 2016-17. This has been constant over the previous six years. Since 2011-12, the median income per job grew by 11.5% in Greater Sydney and 12.3% in the Rest of New South Wales.

By gender, the male median income per job was higher than the female median in both regions consecutively throughout all six years of data. Since 2011-12, the male median income per job grew by 10.2% in Greater Sydney and by 8.1% in the Rest of New South Wales. Over the same period, the female median income per job increased by 12.5% in the Greater Sydney region and by 18.0% in the Rest of New South Wales.

Nationally, the median income per job was $43,200 in 2016-17, slightly lower than the New South Wales median of $43,800. Similarly, the median income per job for males was also higher than for females ($52,700 and $34,900 respectively) during 2016-17, as well as over the previous six years.

Graph 3: Median income by region, 2011-12 to 2016-17
Graph 3: Median income by region, 2011-12 to 2016-17

Industry

In the Greater Sydney region, the five key industries that supplied the most jobs during 2016-17 were Administrative and support services, Professional scientific and technical services, Health care and social assistance, Retail trade and Accommodation and food services. Over the past 12 months, the number of jobs in all of these industries increased.

Over the same period, the five highest employing industries were found to be different in the Rest of New South Wales, with the highest number of jobs in Health care and social assistance, Retail trade, Accommodation and food services, Education and training and Public administration and safety. Similar to Greater Sydney region, the number of jobs in each of these industries increased over the period.

In comparison, the highest employing industries in Australia during 2016-17 were Health care and social assistance, Retail trade, Administration and support services, Education and training, and Accommodation and food services. Over the past 12 months, there was jobs growth in all of these industries.

Graph 4: Distribution of jobs across industries by region, 2016-17
Graph 4: Distrubution of jobs across industries by region, 2016-17

Occupation

In 2016-17, the most common occupations nationally were Professionals (18.2% of all occupations), Clerical and administrative workers (11.5%), and Managers (10.7%). In New South Wales, the most common were Professionals (19.2%), Clerical and administrative workers (11.6%), and Managers(11.5%).

In the Greater Sydney region, the most common occupations were Professionals (21.2% of all occupations), Managers (12.9%), and Clerical and administrative workers (12.3%). In comparison, the most common occupations in the Rest of New South Wales were Professionals (15.1%), Technicians and trades workers (11.0%), Clerical and administrative workers (10.3%) and Community and personal service workers (10.3%).

Differences in male and female employment in occupations continued to be pronounced in New South Wales. Jobs worked by Managers, Technicians and trades workers, Machinery operators and drivers, and Labourers were most likely to be held by males, while those worked by Professionals, Community and personal service workers, Clerical and administrative support workers, and Sales workers were most likely to be held by females.

Footnotes

1. "Jobs in Greater Sydney" and "Jobs in the Rest of New South Wales" refer to jobs worked by people living in those regions.

2. The job counts in this publication differ from the filled job estimates from other data sources such as the Australian Labour Account and the Labour Force Australia. The Jobs in Australia data sourced from LEED provides insights into all jobs held throughout the year, while the Labour Account data provides the number of filled jobs at a point-in-time each quarter, and Labour Force Survey data measures the number of people employed each month.

3. Employee jobs include owner managers of incorporated enterprises as these employees cannot be separately identified from other employees in this publication.

4. Median employment income per job is based on filled employee jobs during the reference year. It has been adjusted to account for the duration the job was held. For further detail, see the Explanatory Notes.