6160.0 - Jobs in Australia, 2011-12 to 2016-17 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 01/08/2019   
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Key statistics

During 2016-17:

  • jobs have increased in 84.6% of the 2,288 regions compared to 2015-16.
  • 15.6% of employed people (2.1 million) were multiple job holders.

Table 1: Australia

Number
Change in last year
Change in last 6 years

Jobs
19,166,420
3.6%
6.4%
Held by men
9,958,718
3.3%
5.1%
Held by women
9,207,702
3.9%
7.9%
Employed persons
13,535,414
2.1%
5.4%
Median employee income per job (duration adjusted)
$43,189
0.4%
11.4%

Total employment income
$801 bil
3.1%
19.1%

* 'Duration adjusted' is an analytical measure of employee income per job that seeks to put all jobs onto a comparable full- year duration basis.


Graph 1: Number of jobs and employed persons in Australia (2011-12 to 2016-17)

Graph 1: Number of jobs and employed persons in Australia, 2011-12 to 2016-17
Jobs

During 2016-17:
  • there were 19.2 million job relationships.
  • 17.2 million (89.5%) jobs were employees and 2.0 million (10.5%) jobs were owner managers.
  • 14.3 million (74.8%) were private sector jobs and 3.2 million (17.0%) were public sector jobs.

Employed people

During 2016-17:
  • people aged 25-29 years held the highest number of employee jobs (2.6 million jobs).
  • males in this age group held a slightly higher proportion of jobs than females (52.2% and 47.8%).

Graph 2: Number of jobs by age and sex of job holders in Australia (2016-17)

Graph 2: Number of jobs by age and sex of job holders in Australia, 2016-17
Employee income

After adjusting for the duration of the job, in 2016-17, the median employee income per job was:

  • $43,189 for all persons
  • $52,676 for males
  • $34,862 for females

Graph 3: Median employee income per job (2011-12 to 2016-17)
Graph 3: Median employee income per job, 2011-12 to 2016-17


Multiple job holders

A multiple job holder is a person who held more than one employee job at the same time, rather than one after another, during the year.

During 2016-17:
  • approximately 15.6% of employed people (2.1 million) were multiple job holders
  • close to four out of five employed people held only one job
  • of the 2.1 million multiple job holders, 53.7% were female

Industry

During 2016-17, the industries with the most jobs were:
  • Health care and social assistance (10.4%)
  • Retail trade (8.7%)
  • Administrative and support services (8.6%)

Graph 4: Distribution of employee jobs per industry in Australia (2016-17)

Graph 4: Distribution of employee jobs per industry in Australia, 2016-17

Occupation

During 2016-17, the most common occupations were:
  • Professionals (18.2%)
  • Clerical and Administrative Workers (11.5%)
  • Managers (10.7%)

Differences in male and female employment in occupations continue to be apparent. Almost all jobs worked by machinery operators and drivers were held by males (89.6%), while most clerical and administrative jobs were held by females (76.5%).

Graph 5: Number of employed persons per occupation of main job by sex in Australia (2016-17)

Graph 5: Number of employed persons per occupation of main job by sex in Australia, 2016-17

Employers

During 2016-17:
  • 29.2% of employee jobs were with small businesses (less than 20 employees) (5.6 million jobs)
  • 21.9% were with medium businesses (between 20 and 199 employees) (4.2 million jobs)
  • 40.7% were with large businesses (200 or more employees) (7.8 million jobs)


Table 2: Regional Comparison

Highest number of jobs
Highest Median Employee Income Per Job
Highest Total Employment Income (billion)

New South WalesSydney - Haymarket - The Rocks
62,052
St Leonards - Naremburn
$73,500
Mosman
$2,528
Waterloo - Beaconsfield
33,285
Balmain
$71,254
Double Bay - Bellevue Hill
$1,881
Parramatta - Rosehill
30,185
North Sydney - Lavender Bay
$70,570
Lane Cove - Greenwich
$1,860
Bondi Beach - North Bondi
27,848
Lilyfield - Rozelle
$69,542
Sydney - Haymarket - The Rocks
$1,810

VictoriaMelbourne
43,532
Port Melbourne
$66,591
Richmond
$1,727
St Kilda
35,054
Newport
$56,665
Brighton
$1,456
Richmond
34,037
Yarraville
$56,148
Kew
$1,395
Tarneit
30,080
Richmond
$55,286
St Kilda
$1,363

QueenslandUpper Coomera - Willow Vale
26,556
Weipa
$67,215
North Lakes - Mango Hill
$1,117
North Lakes - Mango Hill
26,453
Moranbah
$63,443
Upper Coomera - Willow Vale
$998
Surfers Paradise
24,948
Bulimba
$59,191
Forest Lake - Doolandella
$913
Forest Lake - Doolandella
23,351
Boyne Island - Tannum Sands
$58,656
The Hills District
$909

South AustraliaPlympton
19,498
Roxby Downs
$73,354
Unley - Parkside
$844
Northgate - Oakden - Gilles Plains
17,839
Blackwood
$49,252
Goodwood - Millswood
$748
Seaford
16,639
Nailsworth - Broadview
$48,290
Glenelg
$741
Glenelg
16,529
Largs Bay - Semaphore
$48,156
Burnside - Wattle Park
$738

Western AustraliaPerth City
42,767
Ashburton (WA)
$77,174
Perth City
$1,973
Ellenbrook
31,029
Port Hedland
$75,762
Ellenbrook
$1,368
Baldivis
29,103
South Hedland
$63,681
Baldivis
$1,345
Rivervale - Kewdale - Cloverdale
23,224
North Coogee
$63,360
Nedlands - Dalkeith - Crawley
$1,137

TasmaniaSandy Bay
10,351
Geilston Bay - Risdon
$46,767
Sandy Bay
$447
Devonport
10,106
Howrah - Tranmere
$46,093
Howrah - Tranmere
$348
Kingston - Huntingfield
8,721
Old Beach - Otago
$45,869
Kingston Beach - Blackmans Bay
$333
Hobart
8,298
Cambridge
$44,572
Kingston - Huntingfield
$328

Northern TerritoryDarwin City
12,298
Durack - Marlow Lagoon
$61,724
Darwin City
$531
Katherine
11,392
Palmerston - North
$60,552
Humpty Doo
$397
Charles
11,232
Lyons (NT)
$60,420
Katherine
$379
Humpty Doo
8,308
Rosebery - Bellamack
$59,364
Rosebery - Bellamack
$330

Australian Capital TerritoryKambah
12,232
Barton
$77,725
Kambah
$596
Ngunnawal
9,470
Kingston (ACT)
$73,271
Ngunnawal
$427
Harrison
7,114
Forde
$68,681
Harrison
$351
Gordon (ACT)
6,725
Deakin
$66,848
Kingston (ACT)
$356


Note:
  • Analysis only includes areas with a population of more than 1,000 people.
  • Regional areas include the 4 highest Statistical Area Level 2s (SA2s) with relevant characteristics.

The job counts in this publication differ from the filled job estimates from other data sources such as the Australian Labour Account and the Labour Force Australia. The Jobs in Australia data sourced from LEED provides insights into all jobs held throughout the year, while the Labour Account data provides the number of filled jobs at a point-in-time each quarter, and Labour Force Survey data measures the number of people employed each month.