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Harm or harmful side-effect.
The terms 'harm' and 'harmful' were left to the respondent's interpretation. Discretionary interviewer advice was to include:
and to exclude any side-effect the respondent did not personally consider harmful.
A health professional is a person who helps in identifying or preventing or treating illness or disability. Health professionals may include, but are not limited to:
A hospital admission is the formal acceptance by a hospital or other inpatient health care facility of a patient who is to be provided with room, board, and continuous nursing service in an area of the hospital or facility where patients generally reside at least overnight.
Hospital emergency department visit
Any time a person went to an emergency department for their own health, whether it was within normal GP practising hours or after hours.
Imaging tests or diagnostic imaging include all tests that produce images or pictures of the inside of the body in order to diagnose diseases. Tests involve the use of radiant energy, including x-rays, sound waves, radio waves, and radioactive waves and particles that are recorded by photographic films or other types of detectors.
Issues caused by lack of coordination between health professionals
The definition of an 'issue' was left to the respondent's interpretation. Discretionary interviewer advice was to include:
Index of disadvantage
This is one of four Socio-economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFAs) compiled by the ABS following each Census of Population and Housing. This index summarises attributes such as low income, low educational attainment, high unemployment and jobs in relatively unskilled occupations. The first or lowest quintile refers to the most disadvantaged areas, while the 5th or highest quintile refers to the least disadvantaged areas. For further information about SEIFAs see SEIFA: Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas on the ABS website.
A medical specialist is a doctor that practices one branch of medicine. Patients are usually referred to a specialist by their general practitioner or by a specialist from another branch of medicine.
Out-of-pocket expenses refer to expenses of services or procedures less the Medicare rebate. The person did not have to have been aware of the exact amount they would pay, rather an approximate amount of what was not covered by Medicare.
A pathology test is laboratory medicine that includes analysis of specimens such as urine and blood in order to diagnose disease.
For the purposes of this publication, this relates to instances where a person sought health-related advice from a pharmacist (chemist) either on their own or someone else's behalf. Discretionary interviewer advice was to exclude information asked of or received from pharmacy assistants.
A drug that requires a prescription from a medical practitioner before it can be dispensed. This differs from over-the-counter medication, which can be purchased without a prescription.
Private health insurance
Refers to voluntary coverage through the private health care system (e.g. Medibank Private, MBF, NIB,HCF and Manchester Unity). Private health insurance supplements the Medicare system, which provides a tax-financed public system that is available to all Australians. Depending on the type of cover purchased, private health insurance provides cover against all or part of hospital theatre and accommodation costs in either a public or private hospital, medical costs in hospital and costs associated with a range of services not covered under Medicare, including private dental services, optical, chiropractic, home nursing, ambulance and natural therapies.
Patients admitted to public or private hospitals can choose their treating doctor. Medicare pays 75 per cent of the Medicare schedule fee for services and procedures provided by the nominated doctor. For patients who have private health insurance, some or all of the outstanding balance may be covered.
Patients admitted to public hospitals as public (Medicare) patients receive treatment by doctors and specialists nominated by the hospital. Public patients are not charged for care and treatment or after-care by the treating doctor, as the schedule fee for services and procedures is fully subsidised by Medicare.
The Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) is used by the ABS for the collection and dissemination of geographically classified statistics. The classification divides Australia into six broad regions called Remoteness Areas. The ASGC Remoteness classification was developed by the ABS in response to a demand for a statistical geography that allows quantitative comparisons between 'city' and 'country' Australia, where the defining difference between 'city' and 'country' is physical remoteness from goods and services.
Self-assessed health status
A person's impression of their own health against a five point scale from excellent through to poor.
Differences between population estimates are said to be statistically significant when it can be stated with 95% confidence that there is a real difference between the populations. (See the Technical Note for more information).
Urgent medical care
In this question, the term 'urgent' was left to the respondent's interpretation. Discretionary interviewer advice was to include health issues that arose suddenly and were serious, e.g. fever, headache, vomiting, unexplained rash; but that seeing a GP to get a medical certificate for work for a less serious illness would not be considered urgent.
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