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Anxiety was the most common mental or behavioural condition reported (17%) by people aged two years and over. The proportion with anxiety was higher for females (21%) than males (12%).
Depression (including feelings of depression) was the second most common condition reported (13%). The proportion of females who reported depression (16%) was higher than for males (10%).
Most common mental and behavioural conditions, by sex — people aged two years and over
(a) Includes anxiety disorder, including generalised anxiety disorder. (b) Includes feeling depressed. (c) Includes attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorders for children, adolescents and adults, other behavioural and emotional problems with usual onset in childhood/adolescence, schizophrenia-related problems, and intellectual impairment.
Source(s): 2018–19 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
Anxiety and depression were the most common conditions reported for most age groups. The only exception was for children aged 2–14 years, where behavioural or emotional problems (11%) was the most common condition.
A person’s level of psychological distress  provides an indication of their mental health and wellbeing.
Around three in 10 (31%) people aged 18 years and over experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress.
The proportion of people who experienced high or very high levels of psychological distress was:
1. Australian Health Ministers, 'Fourth National Mental Health Plan: an Agenda for Collaborative Government Action in Mental Health 2009–2014', 2009, <http://www.health.gov.au/internet/publications/publishing.nsf/Content/mental-pubs-f-plan09-toc>; last accessed 14/11/2019.
2. See Mental health and wellbeing data (appendix) for more information.
3. The difference between people aged between 15–24 years and 55 years and over, and between 25–34 years, 35-44 years, 45–54 years and 55 years and over, is not statistically significant.
4. Based on the modified Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K5). See Mental health and wellbeing data (appendix) for more information.
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