4715.0 - National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, 2018-19 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 11/12/2019   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product

Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease


Asthma

Asthma is a chronic condition that can usually be managed through treatment, such as medication use and managing lifestyle behaviours, which can assist in avoiding and reducing asthma symptoms [1].

More than one in 10 (16%) people reported having asthma, about the same as in 2012–13 (18%).

The proportion of people with asthma was:

    • higher for females (18%) than males (13%)
    • around double for people living in non-remote areas (17%) when compared with those living in remote areas (9%).

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a chronic condition associated primarily with smoking and environmental factors such as working or living in areas where there is dust, gas, chemical fumes, smoke or air pollution [2].

More than three in 100 (3.4%) people reported having chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, about the same as in 2012–13 (4.1%).

The proportion of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was:
    • higher for females (4.3%) than males (2.5%)
    • more than twice as high for people living in non-remote areas (3.8%) when compared with those living in remote areas (1.4%)
    • higher for people aged 55 years and over (13%) than for any other age group.


Footnotes
1. National Asthma Council Australia, How is Asthma Treated? <http://www.nationalasthma.org.au/understanding-asthma/how-is-asthma-managed>; last accessed 14/11/2019.
2. Lung Foundation Australia, August 2018, COPD the Basics, <https://lungfoundation.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Book-COPD-The-Basics-Sep2018.pdf>; last accessed 15/11/19.