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This publication presents a range of statistics for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) population of Australia using results of the 2006 Census of Population and Housing. It covers Indigenous population structure and distribution; mobility; household composition; language and religious affiliation; education; work; income; and housing and transport. It also includes the new topics of need for assistance, unpaid work and dwelling Internet connection. Estimates of the resident Indigenous population of Australia, and a discussion of issues affecting Indigenous population data are also included. This information provides insights into the contemporary social and economic situation of Indigenous Australians.
Statistics are provided for Australia, the states and territories and remoteness areas, allowing for analysis of the potential impact of geographical isolation on social and economic outcomes, both within the Indigenous population and in comparison with the non-Indigenous population. The national tables presented in this publication are also available as spreadsheets for each state and territory, from the ABS website.
The success of the 2006 Census of Population and Housing in counting and describing the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia was dependent on the high level of cooperation received from Indigenous Australians and their communities. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated. Without it, the range of Indigenous population statistics published by the ABS and their improving quality would not be possible.
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