4624.0 - Natural Resource Management on Australian Farms, Preliminary, 2004-05  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 06/07/2006  First Issue
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Agricultural establishment

An establishment which is engaged mainly in agricultural activities.

Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO)

An estimation of the value of agricultural activity undertaken by an agricultural establishment. Three-year average weighted prices are applied to livestock turnoff and livestock numbers on the farm, and to area and production data for crops. The resultant aggregation of these commodity values is the EVAO. It is not an indicator of the value of receipts of individual farms but rather an indicator of the extent of agricultural activity.


Operators of agricultural establishments.


Land located within one shire used for the production of agricultural and livestock produce. Each holding usually corresponds to an individual farm business, and can consist of a number of separate parcels of land, providing they are all in the one shire.

Land and soil activities

Activities undertaken on the holding to prevent or manage land and soil issues, including crop and/or pasture type or management, earthworks, drains or water pumping, changes to cultivation, irrigation and fertilisation methods, fencing to protect sensitive areas, and soil testing. Land and soil activities do not include activities undertaken to prevent or manage native vegetation, weed or pest-related issues.

Land and soil issues

Issues impacting on the condition of the land and soil, including soil acidity, salinity, soil compaction, surface waterlogging and erosion.

Native vegetation

Any indigenous plant community, either naturally occurring or regenerated with human assistance. Native vegetation covers a range of vegetation types, including forests, woodlands, scrub, native grasslands, wetlands, and remnant and regrowth. It excludes commercial plantations.

Native vegetation activities

Activities undertaken on the holding to manage native vegetation, including fencing off from stock, planting and/or seeding, clearing, thinning of regrowth, allowing regrowth, and fire management.

Native vegetation issues

Issues impacting on the presence and quality of native vegetation on the holding, including habitat fragmentation, and excessive, thickening or insufficient native vegetation.

Natural Heritage Trust 2 (NHT2) regions

Fifty-seven regions identified across Australia for the purposes of addressing natural resource management and sustainable agriculture priorities. The boundaries for each region have been established by agreement between the Australian Government, and State and Territory Governments. A map outlining the specific NHT2 regions used in this publication is provided in Appendix 2. Data at the NHT2 region level is as per the boundary specifications of August 2005.

Natural Resource Management (NRM)

Management of our natural resources - land, soil, native vegetation, biodiversity and water (both fresh and sea).

Natural Resource Management (NRM) activities

Activities undertaken on the holding to prevent or manage native vegetation, weed, pest, land and soil and/or water issues.

Natural Resource Management (NRM) issues

Any issue relating to or impacting on the environment's natural and physical resources or the management and long term sustainability of those resources.


A noxious, destructive or troublesome animal or insect.

Pest activities

Activities undertaken on the holding to prevent or manage pest-related issues, including the use of pesticides, biological control, baiting or trapping, shooting, fencing and/or netting, grazing management and crutching.

Pest issues

Issues associated with the presence of pests on the holding, including damage to native vegetation, decreased crop production or damage, and killed or harmed livestock.

Water activities

Activities undertaken on the holding to prevent or manage water-related issues, including water testing, removal of stock from waterways and water bodies, fencing to protect riparian zones and stream banks, and monitoring of the ground-water table.

Water issues

Issues impacting on water quality and availability, including water clarity, excess nutrient load, and the occurrence of a toxicity event.


A plant that interferes with the management objectives at a particular location. It is a plant growing where it is not wanted. Weeds may damage crops or poison livestock when growing in pasture.

Weed activities

Activities undertaken on the holding to prevent or manage weed-related issues, including application of herbicides, use of biological control agents, slashing, cutting or mowing, cultivation, pulling, manual removal or chipping and burning.

Weed issues

Issues associated with the presence of weeds on the holding, including decreased value of production, blocked water courses, increased fire risk, poisoned stock, and decreased value of the holding.