4364.0.55.005 - Australian Health Survey: Biomedical Results for Chronic Diseases, 2011-12
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 05/08/2013 First Issue
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Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is used to measure how well a person is managing their diabetes. This test gives an indication of the person's average blood glucose levels over the previous three months. The optimum management target for HbA1c for people with diabetes is a level of 7.0% or less. Maintaining this level decreases a person's risk of developing a range of complications from their diabetes, including problems with their circulation, kidneys, eyes and feet, and lowers the risk of heart attack and stroke. There is also a range of other optimum targets for diabetes management, including those for cholesterol levels, Body Mass Index (BMI) and blood pressure.1 These are listed in the Data source and definitions box below.
In 2011–12, over half (55.7%) of people aged 18 years and over with known diabetes were effectively managing their condition, that is, they had an HbA1c test result of 7.0% or less. Older people were more likely than younger people to meet the HbA1c target, with 70.4% of those aged 75 years and over meeting the target. Overall, there was no significant difference in HbA1c levels between males and females.
Footnote(s): (a) HbA1c levels less than or equal to 7.0%.
Controlling other aspects of health, such as cholesterol and blood pressure, is also important for effective diabetes management. Among those with known diabetes in 2011–12, 37.9% met the management target for total cholesterol and 37.2% met the target for blood pressure. The majority of those with known diabetes met the management targets for triglycerides (70.0%) and albumin creatinine ratio, which measures levels of kidney damage (71.1%).
The diabetes management guidelines also outline optimum targets for health behaviours. While the majority of people with known diabetes met the management target for smoking in 2011–12 (85.6% were non-smokers), only 12.8% met the target for a normal Body Mass Index (i.e. a BMI score of between 18.0 and 24.9).
For more information on diabetes management, see Table 13 on the Downloads page of this publication.
1 Diabetes Australia, August 2012, Diabetes Management in General Practice. Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes. <http://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/Documents/DA/What's%20New/12.10.02%20Diabetes%20Management%20in%20General%20Practice.pdf>, Last accessed 20/06/2013. Back to top