4316.0 - Apparent Consumption of Selected Foodstuffs, Australia, 2018-19 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 26/06/2020  First Issue
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Basic food groups

In addition to assessing apparent consumption with the recommended serves in the Australian Dietary Guidelines (which emphasises the non-discretionary choices), the ADG database can also be used to provide a summary view of the relative amounts of basic food groups making up all apparent consumption (i.e. including both the non-discretionary and discretionary foods).

By weight, the daily apparent consumption per capita consisted of:

  • Milk, yoghurt, cheese and alternatives (274 grams)
  • Grains and cereals (245 grams)
  • Vegetables and legumes/beans (219 grams)
  • Fruit (208 grams including fruit juice, 160 grams excluding fruit juice)
  • Meats, poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, nuts and seeds and legumes/beans (173 grams).


Daily grams per capita

Daily grams per capita
Footnote(s): (a) Milk, yoghurt, cheese and/or alternatives. (b) Vegetables and legumes/beans. (c) Includes fruit juice. (d) Meats, poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, nuts and seeds and legumes/beans.
Source: Apparent Consumption of Selected Foodstuffs, Australia, 2018–19.


By serves (where a serve is equivalent to the serving sizes defined in the 2013 ADG), the daily apparent consumption per capita consisted of:
  • Grains and cereals (5.0 serves)
  • Vegetables and legumes/beans (2.9 serves)
  • Meats, poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, nuts and seeds and legumes/beans (2.4 serves)
  • Milk, yoghurt, cheese and alternatives (1.8 serves)
  • Fruit (1.6 serves including juice, 1.2 serves excluding juice).


Daily serves per capita

Daily serves per capita
Footnote(s): (a) Vegetables and legumes/beans. (b) Meats, poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, nuts and seeds and legumes/beans. (c) Milk, yoghurt, cheese and/or alternatives. (d) Includes fruit juice.
Source: Apparent Consumption of Selected Foodstuffs, Australia, 2018–19.


Contributing food types within basic food groups

Each food group may be further broken down by selected sub groupings defined in the ADG.

Within grains and cereals the leading contributors to daily serves per capita were:
  • Breads (35.6%)
  • Flour (flour includes flour in baked goods other than bread such as pastry, cakes and biscuits) (26.9%)
  • Grains (mainly rice, but also couscous, quinoa, barley and polenta) (24.1%).

A majority (72%) of the contributing grains and cereals were categorised as refined (lower fibre) rather than wholemeal varieties.

Among vegetables and legumes/beans the leading sub groups contributing to daily serves per capita were:
  • Other vegetables (main contributors to this category were tomato/tomato products, onion, cucumber, zucchini and mushroom) (41.2%)
  • Starchy vegetables (majority was from potato and potato products) (27.6%)
  • Green and brassica vegetables (broccoli, lettuce, spinach etc.) (15.8%)
  • Orange vegetables (10.0%).

The majority of fruit serves was from fresh or canned sources (64.8%), with fruit juice contributing 23.1% and dried fruit 12.1%.

Within the milk, yoghurt, cheese and alternatives group, leading sub groups contributing to daily serves per capita were:
  • Milk (62.1%)
  • Cheese (31.8%)
  • Yoghurt (6.0%).

Regular fat milk made up 72.2% of all milk and non-dairy milks made up less than 2% of all milk.

In the meats, poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, nuts and seeds and legumes/beans group the major contributions were from:
  • Red meat (46.7%)
  • Poultry (24.1%)
  • Nuts and seeds (13.8%)
  • Eggs (6.3%).


Meats and alternatives, contribution of subgroups to total serves

Meats and alternatives, contribution of subgroups to total serves
Source: Apparent Consumption of Selected Foodstuffs, Australia, 2018–19.


Just under two-thirds (65.6%) of all meat (red meat and poultry) was classified as lean meat, while just over three-quarters (75.9%) was un-processed.

Within the unsaturated spreads and oils group, unsaturated oils made up 62.6% of daily serves, followed by nuts (22.5%) and unsaturated spreads (14.8%).