4306.0 - Apparent Consumption of Foodstuffs, Australia, 1997-98 and 1998-99  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/10/2000  Ceased
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Alcohol content (ethanol)

The use of excise data as the source for the alcoholic content of beer was introduced in 1989-90. Data for prior years were not recalculated, so that only data for 1989-90 and subsequent years are directly comparable. From 1984-85 to 1988-89, this distinction was made using a concentration of 2.4% v/v for low alcohol beer and 4.8% for standard beer. Before 1984-85, alcohol from beer was calculated using a concentration of 4.8% v/v.

Alcohol intake from wine is derived from domestic sales of wine using the following concentrations:


Sparkling and carbonated
Table wine
Other wine n.e.i.

These wine data are directly comparable over the entire Apparent Consumption series. Spirit data are based on excise data and, likewise, are directly comparable over the entire Apparent Consumption series.


Apart from tea and coffee, beverages are reported by volume. Low alcohol beer (1.15% to less than 3.8% volume per volume (v/v) ethanol) and standard beer (>=3.8% v/v ethanol) have been differentiated since 1984-85.

Commercial production

This is provided on a financial year basis for most foodstuffs. Where there is a marked seasonal pattern, the data refer to the crop year. This applies to citrus fruit for which the crop year is the year ending 31 March. As of 1997-98 the commercial production details for the majority of unprocessed commodities published in the Apparent Consumption of Foodstuffs series are collected in the Agricultural Commodity Survey (ACS). Where standard errors are greater than 50% production data are not published.

Dairy products

Data are presented for fluid milk by volume, and for milk products by product weight. The commodity group total is presented as total milk solids (fat and non-fat), derived from market milk and processed products. Following concerns with the quality of the data published as 'Infants' and invalids food' this information has been withdrawn from publication from 1993-94 onwards. A revision of data collected has resulted in apparent consumption data for 'Condensed, concentrated and evaporated milk' being significantly revised for the years 1993-94 onwards. Note that butter is counted in the 'fats and oils' group and not in the dairy group.


These are reported as the number of eggs. Data from 1988-89 onwards include estimates for home production based on the 1992 Home Production Survey. Egg production information is considered to be under-reported for a number of years due to coverage limitations of the Agricultural Commodity Survey and, as a result, the quantity available for consumption is considered to be conservative. Data from 1982-83 to 1986-87 report commercial disposals only. Data before 1982-83 include estimates of non-commercial production.

Estimated home production

The data are derived from the 1992 Home Production Survey and are adjusted each year in line with commercial production. Estimates of home production are included for poultry and eggs, fresh fish and seafood, fresh fruit (except pineapple), jam fruit, some home processed fruit, fresh vegetables, tree nuts, and beer and table wine. For other foods, home production is taken to be nil.

Fish and seafood

Seafood are presented as edible weight. Following a review of collected data, seafood data is now presented as a total with no data split between 'Fresh and Frozen' and 'Seafood otherwise prepared'. Adjustments have been made to the historical data in table 1 to combine 'Fresh and frozen seafood' and 'Seafood otherwise prepared'. Production includes a significant estimate for 'home production' (i.e. recreational and non-commercial fishing) which is based on the 1992 Home Production Survey. This figure is considered to be conservative and may result in an underestimation of seafood available for consumption. No allowance has been made for seafood used in the production of pet food.


Data are presented as total fresh fruit equivalent. Product weight is also given for processed products, including jam and dried fruit, but the fresh equivalent of these products is included in the commodity group total. Processed food data totals in tables 3 and 4 should not be added to fresh fruit data as this would result in double counting.

Grain products

'Wheaten Flour' (including flour for breadmaking), oatmeal and rolled oats, ready-to-eat breakfast cereals, and rice data are presented as product weight. A review of the 'wheaten flour' data published in previous issues has resulted in a revised collection method being used in this publication. As a result there is no data available for 1993-94. For the years 1994-95 onwards 'wheaten flour' excludes flour used in the production of starch and gluten. The 'wheaten flour' data includes flour used for breadmaking with consumption of bread data also available separately. No bread data is available for the 1993-94 year.


Data are reported for most, but not all foodstuffs. Confidentiality restrictions may prevent the ABS from publishing complete details of imported and exported commodities.

Meat and meat products

Meat data are presented as carcass weight equivalent, i.e. as from the abattoir ('bone-in'). It is not practical to define a 'retail weight of meat' because cutting practices and carcasses are variable. Due to concerns about the accuracy of the data, 'Offal and meat n.e.i.' is not published for the years 1993-94 onward. The weight shown for bacon and ham (cured carcass weight) is already included as part of the carcass equivalent weight in the pigmeat and commodity group totals. The current methodology for calculating the meat data provided in the Apparent Consumption series was introduced in 1983-84. Data were recalculated back to 1975-76. Thus the average for the three years ending 1978-79, and annual data from 1978-79 published in the 1983-84 and subsequent issues of the series, are directly comparable.

Net change in stocks

Statistics of stocks are for factory stocks and stocks held by marketing authorities. With minor exceptions, no details are available for wholesale, retail or household stocks. This only becomes relevant for non-perishable foods with long shelf lives such as canned food, or where there is significant cold storage such as for meat, apples and pears.

Non-food use, waste, etc.

Non-food use indicates food removed from the human food supply. Wastage does not take into account losses at the retail and household level. Data are given only for oranges, fresh vegetables, bread and peanuts.


Data are presented as total weight in shell. For tree nuts, data are directly comparable back to 1987-88 and include estimates for home production based on the 1992 Home Production Survey. Earlier data are for commercial production only.

Oils and fats

Butter and margarine data are presented as product weight. The group total which is expressed as fat includes an annual per capita allowance of 10 kg to represent fats and oils consumed in processed and cooked foods. This allowance for edible oils was increased from 2 kg to 10 kg for 1980-81 data onwards. Data were recalculated back to 1975-76. Thus annual data from 1975-76 published in the 1980-81 and subsequent issues of the series are directly comparable. Data published before the 1980-81 issue include an annual per capita allowance of 2 kg. The figure of 10 kg per capita is currently considered conservative. Fat associated with carcass meat is included in the meat commodity group.


Poultry data are presented as dressed weight, i.e. as sold by retailers, as this is a standard practice.


Sugar cane products and honey are represented as product weight. Due to confidentiality restrictions cane sugar 'available for consumption' data is only available as a total figure for 1997-98 and onwards. This figure incorporates 'packed refined sugar' and 'sugar used in manufactured foods'. The group total includes the sugar content of syrups and glucose.

Use for processed food

In tables 3 and 4 data relating to both fresh and processed product are shown for some foods. Please note that quantities relating to fresh product reflect the total supply and utilisation of that food, including processed food. Therefore processed production should not be added to fresh production as to do this would introduce double counting of the processed product.


Data are presented as total fresh weight including the fresh equivalent weight of processed products.