Arts, craft or recreational course
Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED)
- Courses run through an Adult and Community Education Centre.
- Hobby courses.
- Recreational courses run by or at a TAFE.
- YWCA/YMCA courses.
The ASCED is a national standard classification which includes all sectors of the Australian education system: that is, schools, vocational education and training, and higher education. From 2001, ASCED replaced a number of classifications used in administrative and statistical systems, including the Australian Bureau of Statistics Classification of Qualifications (ABSCQ). The ASCED comprises two classifications: Level of Education and Field of Education. See Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0).
Bridging and 'enabling' courses provide specific background to allow further study for students who do not have the prerequisite subject matter knowledge or who have not studied for some time.
Certificate not further defined
Survey responses are coded to Certificate not further defined (n.f.d.) when there is not enough information to code them to Certificate I, II, II or IV in the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0), Level of Education classification.
Country of birth
Country of birth has been classified according to the Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC), 1998 (cat. no. 1269.0).
Any institution whose primary role is education. Included are schools, higher education establishments, colleges of technical and further education, public and private colleges, etc. Excluded are institutions whose primary role is not education, for example, hospitals.
Persons who during the reference week:
- worked for one hour or more for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind in a job or business, or on a farm (comprising employees, employers and own account workers); or
- worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a farm (i.e. contributing family workers); or
- were employees who had a job but were not at work and were:
- away from work for less than four weeks up to the end of the reference week; or away from work for more than four weeks up to the end of the reference week and received pay for some or all of the four week period to the end of the reference week; or
- away from work as a standard work or shift arrangement; or
- on a strike or locked out; or
- on workers' compensation and expected to return to their job; or
- were employers or own account worker who had a job, business or farm, but were not at work.
Employed persons who usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) and those who, although usually working less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week.
Employed persons who usually worked less than 35 hours a week (in all jobs) and either did so during the reference week, or were not at work in the reference week.
Equivalised household income
Equivalising adjusts actual income to take account of the different needs of households of different size and composition. There are economic advantages associated with living with others, because household resources, especially housing, can be shared. The equivalence scale used to obtain equivalised incomes is that used in studies by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and is referred to as the 'modified OECD scale'. The scale gives a weight of 1.0 to the first adult in the household, a weight of 0.5 for each additional adult (persons aged 15 years and over), and a weight of 0.3 for each child. For each household, the weights for household members are added together to form the household weight. Total household income is then divided by the household weight to give an income that a lone person household would need for a similar standard of living. Equivalised weekly household income can be viewed as an indicator of the economic resources available to each member of the household.
Field of education
Field of Education is defined as the subject matter of an educational activity. It is categorised according to the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0) Field of Education classification. The ASCED comprises two classifications: Level of Education and Field of Education. See Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0).
Refers to learning which is structured, taught learning in institutions and organisations and leads to a recognised qualification issued by a relevant body, in recognition that a person has achieved learning outcomes or competencies relevant to identified individual, professional, industry or community needs. A learning activity is formal if it leads to a learning achievement that is possible to position within the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) and includes workplace training if such training results in a qualification.
From 2006, Industry has been classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (cat. no. 1292.0).
Formal or non-formal learning was classified as being for a 'job-related reason' if the main purpose for participating in the learning was one of the following:
- to get a job
- to get a better job or promotion
- it was a requirement for job
- wanted extra skills for job
- to start own business
- to develop existing business
- to try for a different career
Refers to unstructured, non-institutionalised learning activities that are related to work, family, community or leisure. Activities may occur on a self-directed basis, but are excluded from scope if there is no specific intention to learn.
Are ways an individual can improve their knowledge, skills or competence.
Level of education
Level of education is a function of the quality and quantity of learning involved in an educational activity. It is categorised according to the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED), 2001 (cat. no. 1272.0), Level of Education classification.
Level of highest non-school qualification
Level of highest non-school qualification identifies the highest achievement a person has attained in any area of study, outside of their school achievements. See also level of highest educational attainment.
Level of highest educational attainment
Level of highest educational attainment identifies the highest achievement a person has attained in any area of study. It is not a measurement of the relative importance of different fields of study but a ranking of qualifications and other educational attainments regardless of the particular area of study or the type of institution in which the study was undertaken. See paragraphs 45-47 of the Explanatory Notes for how highest level is derived.
Level not determined
Level not determined includes inadequately described responses and cases where no response was given.
Non-formal learning refers to structured, taught learning, but differs from formal learning in that it does not lead to a qualification within the AQF. It includes non-accredited workplace training, that is, training that does not lead to a recognised qualification.
Non-school qualifications are awarded for educational attainments other than those of pre-primary, primary or secondary education. They include qualifications at the Postgraduate Degree level, Master Degree level, Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate level, Bachelor Degree level, Advanced Diploma and Diploma level, and Certificates I, II, III and IV levels. Non-school qualifications may be attained concurrently with school qualifications.
Not in the labour force
Persons who are not in the categories 'employed' or 'unemployed' as defined.
Classified according to the ANZSCO - Australian New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations, First Edition 2006 (cat. no. 1220.0).
Participation relates to formal, non-formal or informal learning undertaken in the last 12 months.
Private lessons are a planned series of learning experiences given by experts or people acting as experts. The role of the teacher/tutor is to increase the knowledge or skills of the participant. The lessons are usually undertaken by one or very few learners at any one time.
A Technical and Further Education institution. In Victoria this may also be interpreted as Training and Further Education.
Persons aged 15 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, and:
- had actively looked for full-time or part-time work at any time in the four weeks up to the end of the reference week and were available for work in the reference week; or
- were waiting to start a new job within four weeks from the end of the reference week and could have started in the reference week if the job had been available then.
Learning activities which are primarily undertaken to obtain, maintain or improve employment-related skills or competencies, improve job/career opportunities and generally to improve opportunities for advancement and promotion.