3412.0 - Migration, Australia, 2017-18 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 03/04/2019   
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NET INTERSTATE MIGRATION

KEY STATISTICS

During 2017-18, there were 392,700 people who moved interstate, an increase of 4.3% from the number of people who moved interstate during the previous year.

    • Queensland had the highest net gain from interstate migration of 24,700 people
    • New South Wales had the highest net loss from interstate migration of 21,700 people.


About this data

Net interstate migration (NIM) is the net gain or loss of population through the movement of people from one state or territory of usual residence to another. The data presented here are annual, for years ending 30 June. For quarterly migration estimates see Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0).


Interstate migration and population change

In the year ended 30 June 2018, there was a net gain from interstate migration which contributed to population growth for:
    • Queensland — (24,700 people)
    • Victoria — (14,300)
    • Tasmania — (2,400)
    • Australian Capital Territory — (600).

In the year ended 30 June 2018, there was a net loss from interstate migration which contributed to population loss for:
    • New South Wales — (-21,700 people)
    • Western Australia — (-11,300)
    • South Australia — (-5,200)
    • Northern Territory — (-3,800).

4.1 Interstate Migration — Arrivals and Departures — Australia — 2017-18(a)
    (a) Estimates for 2017-18 are preliminary - see paragraph 9 of the Explanatory Notes.


10 years of interstate migration and population change

In some states and territories consistent long-term patterns of net gains or net losses from interstate migration have been established whereas other, mainly smaller states, experienced fluctuating results through the years.

Over the 10 years to June 2018, interstate migration contributed to population growth for:
  • Queensland, with consecutive net gains, had the highest average annual gain of 11,600 people, however the gain for 2018 was the highest in the last 10 years
  • Victoria, also with consecutive net gains, had an average annual gain of 8,900 people
  • Australian Capital Territory which had a modest average annual gain of 400 people
  • Tasmania which also had a modest average annual gain of 300 people, however the net gain for 2018 was the highest in the last 10 years.

Over the 10 years to June 2018, interstate migration contributed to population loss for:
  • New South Wales, with consecutive net losses, had the highest average annual loss of -13,600 people, however the loss for 2018 was the highest in the last 10 years
  • South Australia, also with consecutive net losses, had an average annual loss of -4,500 people
  • Northern Territory which had an average annual loss of -1,700 people, however the net loss for 2018 was the highest in the last 10 years
  • Western Australia which had an average annual loss of -1,300 people, but recoded net gains for the first 5 years until 2012-13.

    4.2 Net Interstate Migration
    (a) — 2008-09 to 2017-18

    NSW
    Vic.
    Qld
    SA
    WA
    Tas.
    NT
    ACT

    2008-09
    -18,667
    1,523
    14,702
    -4,402
    5,012
    1,063
    934
    -309
    2009-10
    -9,458
    3,314
    6,172
    -2,709
    2,119
    664
    -661
    427
    2010-11
    -13,496
    3,534
    6,795
    -2,614
    7,033
    -47
    -2,549
    1,354
    2011-12
    -18,115
    2,417
    11,782
    -3,220
    8,609
    -1,925
    -691
    1,145
    2012-13
    -14,645
    6,420
    8,874
    -4,761
    5,676
    -1,286
    -481
    202
    2013-14
    -6,751
    9,739
    6,294
    -3,890
    -1,724
    -435
    -2,421
    -812
    2014-15
    -6,776
    11,079
    6,861
    -4,570
    -4,278
    127
    -2,341
    -103
    2015-16
    -11,539
    17,639
    11,986
    -7,212
    -10,010
    760
    -2,029
    383
    2016-17
    -15,161
    18,193
    17,795
    -6,778
    -13,934
    1,522
    -2,867
    1,230
    2017-18
    -21,672
    14,316
    24,698
    -5,151
    -11,300
    2,382
    -3,831
    558
    Annual average
    -13,628
    8,817
    11,596
    -4,531
    -1,280
    283
    -1,694
    408

    (a) Estimates from 2016-17 onwards are preliminary - see paragraph 9 of the Explanatory Notes.