3238.0  Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006 to 2031
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 11/07/2019
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AUSTRALIA Size and growth In 2016, there were 798,400 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, representing 3.3% of the total Australian population. Between 2006 and 2016, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population increased by 2.2% (from 640,000 people) per year on average, compared with 1.6% for the total Australian population. By 2031, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population is projected to increase to between 1,054,600 people (low series) and 1,100,400 people (high series) at an average annual growth rate of between 1.9% and 2.2% per year. In comparison, the average annual growth rate of the total Australian population is projected to be between 1.3% and 1.7% per year over the same period (Population Projections, Australia, 2017 (base) to 2066 (cat. no. 3222.0)). The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population of Australia is projected to reach one million people by 2027 (high series) and by 2028 (medium and low series). Source(s): Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2016 to 2031 Natural increase At the national level any growth in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population is entirely due to natural increase as net overseas migration is assumed to be zero. Although decreasing fertility rates are assumed, the number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander births is projected to increase over the projection period. This is due to the increase in the number of women of childbearing ages over the projection period as well as the assumption of increasing paternity rates. As a result:
POPULATION STRUCTURE The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population has a relatively young age structure with a median age of 22.9 years in 2016 (37.8 years for the NonIndigenous population).
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population is projected to increase across all age groups between 2016 and 2031. People aged 0–14 years The number of children (0–14 years) is 274,300 in 2016. This is projected to:
People aged 15–64 years The number of people aged 15–64 years is 490,000 in 2016. This is projected to:
People aged 65 years and over The number of people aged 65 years and over is 34,000 in 2016. This is projected to:
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