3101.0 - Australian Demographic Statistics, Dec 2019 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/06/2020   
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National

Annual population change

In the year ending 31 December 2019, Australia's population grew by 349,800 people (1.4%).

Annual population growth rate, Australia (a)(b)
Graph: Annual population growth rate, Australia
(a) Annual growth calculated at the end of each quarter.
(b) All data to 30 June 2016 is final, September 2016 to June 2018 is revised and estimates for September 2018 onwards are preliminary and are subject to revision.



Components of quarterly population change

Australia's population growth is comprised of natural increase (births minus deaths) and net overseas migration (migration arrivals minus migration departures).

In the December 2019 quarter, natural increase:

  • was 34,300 people
  • increased by 2,000 people since the previous quarter

In the December 2019 quarter, net overseas migration:
  • was 35,900 people
  • decreased by 26,200 people since the previous quarter

Components of quarterly population change, Australia
Graph: Components of quarterly population change, Australia


Components of annual population change

In the year ending 31 December 2019, natural increase:
  • was 139,200 people
  • decreased by 7,600 people (5.2%) since the previous year
  • contributed 39.8% to Australia's annual population growth

In the year ending 31 December 2019, net overseas migration:
  • was 210,700 people
  • decreased by 41,600 people (16.5%) since the previous year
  • contributed 60.2% to Australia's annual population growth

Components of annual population change, Australia (a)
Graph: Components of annual population change, Australia

(a) Annual components calculated at the end of each quarter.


Births

In the year ending 31 December 2019:
  • there were 305,800 births
  • births increased by 2,200 (0.7%) since the previous year

Deaths

In the year ending 31 December 2019:
  • there were 166,700 deaths
  • deaths increased by 9,800 (6.2%) since the previous year

Overseas migration arrivals

In the year ending 31 December 2019:
  • there were 533,500 people immigrating to Australia
  • arrivals decreased by 890 people (0.2%) since the previous year

Overseas migration departures

In the year ending 31 December 2019:
  • there were 322,900 people emigrating from Australia
  • departures increased by 40,700 people (14.4%) since the previous year