2076.0 - Census of Population and Housing: Characteristics of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2016  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 13/03/2019   
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REMOTENESS, ENGAGEMENT AND UNPAID WORK

Engagement in education, employment and training

Young peoples’ transition from school to continued study or full-time work can have long-term implications. Those who are not fully engaged in either education and/or work may be at risk of becoming long-term unemployed, underemployed or marginally attached to the labour force.

Understanding engagement

Engagement in Employment, Education and Training (EETP) was a new data item compiled for the 2016 Census. It classifies persons aged 15 years and over as Engaged or Not engaged in work and study. It is derived from the data items Labour Force Status (LFSP), Hours Worked (HRSP), Full-Time/Part-Time Student Status (STUP) and Age (AGEP).

A person is classified as engaged if they participate in any type of education, employment and training. A fully engaged person works or studies full-time or has any combination of work and study. The not engaged category includes persons who are unemployed or not in the labour force and who were not attending an educational institution.

People aged 15-24 years living in Non-remote areas (57%) were much more likely to be fully engaged in work or study than those living in Remote areas (33%). Six in ten (61%) young adults aged 15-24 years living in Major Cities were fully engaged in work or study compared to just under three in ten (28%) of those in Very Remote areas.

Young adults aged 15-24 years living in Non-remote areas were also much less likely than those in Remote areas to be not engaged at all (25% compared to 46%). In Very Remote Australia, half (50%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15–24 years were not engaged in either education, employment or training.

Level of Engagement by Remoteness, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders aged 15-24 years, 2016(a)
Horizontal stacked bar chat showing level of engagement fin education, employment and training for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders aged 15-24 in Major Cities, Inner Regional Australia, Outer Regional, Remote and Very Remote Australia.

a) Usual residence Census counts. Excludes overseas visitors.
Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. No reliance should be placed on small cells.
Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing, 2016

Unpaid work

In addition to being engaged in education, employment and training, a person may also be involved in unpaid work either at home or in their community. The Census collects information about four different types of unpaid work undertaken in the week prior to Census night:

    • Unpaid childcare
    • Unpaid assistance to a person with disability
    • Unpaid domestic work
    • Voluntary work for an organisation or group

Generally, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s participation in all four types of unpaid work was similar across remoteness areas.

Unpaid childcare

In 2016, nearly one-third (32%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over provided unpaid childcare. Of these people, 65% cared for their own child/children, 30% cared for other children and a small proportion (6%) cared for both.


Unpaid Childcare by Remoteness, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, 2016(a)

Non-remote areas
Remote areas
Australia(c)


Major Cities of Australia
Inner Regional Australia
Outer Regional Australia
Total
Non-remote
Remote
Australia
Very Remote
Australia
Total
Remote(b)

Per cent (%)

Provided unpaid childcare
30.1
31.1
28.9
30.1
31.3
43.6
39.5
31.7
Cared for own child/children(d)
68.5
68.9
68.1
68.5
61.8
48.9
52.3
64.7
Cared for other child/children(d)
27.3
26.8
27.7
27.2
31.6
39.4
37.3
29.6
Cared for own child/children and other child/children(d)
4.2
4.4
4.1
4.2
6.6
11.7
10.4
5.7
Did not provide unpaid childcare
63.8
60.6
61.0
62.2
57.8
45.0
49.3
59.6
Total number of persons aged 15 years and over(e)
161,186
99,337
83,393
343,919
27,372
54,263
81,632
428,777

a) Usual residence Census counts. Excludes overseas visitors.
b) Includes Remote and Very Remote Australia.
c) Includes migratory-offshore-shipping and no usual address.
d) As a proportion of all persons who provided unpaid childcare.
e) Includes persons who did not provide unpaid childcare and not stated.
Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. No reliance should be placed on small cells.
Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing, 2016


More than two-thirds (69%) of people who provided unpaid childcare in Non-remote areas cared for their own child/children, compared to about half (52%) of people in Remote areas. It follows that people in Remote areas were more likely than those in Non-remote areas to care for children other than their own (37% compared to 27%).

Unpaid assistance to a person with a disability

About one in eight (14%) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over provided care to a person with disability in 2016. This did not vary significantly between Remoteness areas. Females were more likely than males to provide care to a person with disability, regardless of Remoteness area.

Graph Image for Assistance to a Person With Disability by Sex and Remoteness, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, 2016(a)

Footnote(s): a) Usual residence Census counts. Excludes overseas visitors. Note: Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. No reliance should be placed on small cells.

Source(s): Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing, 2016


Unpaid domestic work

In both Non-remote and Remote areas, 62% of people did unpaid domestic work.

People in Non-remote areas were more likely to do no unpaid domestic work than people in Remote areas (30% compared to 26%). However, women in Non-remote areas were more likely to do 30 hours or more of unpaid domestic work than women in Remote areas (14% compared to 10%).


Voluntary work for an organisation or group

More than one in seven (15%) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders aged 15 years and over participated in voluntary work. This was slightly higher in Non-remote areas (16%) than Remote areas (12%).

Females were consistently more likely to have done voluntary work than their male counterparts (16% compared to 13%) across all Remoteness areas.


Graph Image for Voluntary Work for an Organisation or Group by Remoteness, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, 2016(a)

Footnote(s): a) Usual residence Census counts. Excludes overseas visitors. Note: Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. No reliance should be placed on small cells.

Source(s): Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing, 2016