2076.0 - Census of Population and Housing: Characteristics of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2016  
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WHERE PEOPLE LIVE


Remoteness Area

The Remoteness Area structure of the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) provides a geographical standard for the publication of statistics about the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population of Australia. This structure is produced by dividing each state and territory into five classes of remoteness based on relative access to services.

The five classes of remoteness are:

· Major Cities of Australia
· Inner Regional Australia
· Outer Regional Australia
· Remote Australia
· Very Remote Australia

The five classes of remoteness for each State and Territory can be aggregated to produce Non-remote (Major Cities, Inner Regional Australia and Outer Regional Australia) and Remote (Remote Australia and Very Remote Australia) areas of Australia.

In general, regions become less remote when urban centres increase in size and when the road networks between regions improve.


In the 2016 Census, there were 649,171 people across Australia who identified as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin, the majority (81%) of whom lived in Non-remote areas of Australia. In Major Cities there was 1 Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander person for every 64 non-Indigenous persons, while in Very Remote Australia there was 1 Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander person for every 1.2 non-Indigenous persons.


Indigenous Status by Remoteness, 2016(a)

Non-remote areas
Remote areas
Australia(c)


Major Cities of Australia
Inner Regional Australia
Outer Regional Australia
Total
Non-remote
Remote
Australia
Very Remote Australia
Total
Remote(b)

no.

Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
242,529
155,602
127,874
526,009
40,210
79,383
119,595
649,171
Non-Indigenous
15,495,768
3,809,569
1,695,430
21,000,766
211,269
93,127
304,394
21,341,231
Not stated
895,790
290,208
169,404
1,355,401
31,413
17,957
49,371
1,411,491
Total
16,634,078
4,255,381
1,992,711
22,882,169
282,892
190,461
473,356
23,401,892
Ratio: non-Indigenous persons to Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander persons
63.9
24.5
13.3
39.9
5.3
1.2
2.5
32.9

a) Usual residence Census counts. Excludes overseas visitors.
b) Includes Remote and Very Remote Australia.
c) Includes migratory-offshore-shipping and no usual address.
Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. No reliance should be placed on small cells.
Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing, 2016


Over one-third (37%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians were living in Major Cities at the time of the 2016 Census. A further 44% lived in Regional Australia (Inner and Outer Regional) and the remaining 18% lived in Remote and Very Remote Australia.

With the exception of the Northern Territory, the distribution of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people across remoteness areas in each State and Territory was similar to non-Indigenous people. In the Northern Territory, just over three-quarters (78%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people lived in Remote areas compared to 24% of the non-Indigenous population.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders by State/Territory and Remoteness, 2016(a)

Non-remote areas
Remote areas
Australia(c)


Major Cities of
Australia
Inner Regional
Australia
Outer Regional Australia
Total
Non-remote
Remote
Australia
Very Remote Australia
Total
Remote(b)

Per cent (%)
no.


NSW
46.4
34.5
15.3
96.1
2.6
0.9
3.5
216,176
Vic
51.8
34.9
12.6
99.3
0.1
. .
0.1
47,788
Qld.
33.8
22.2
26.5
82.5
5.9
11.1
17.1
186,482
SA
51.9
10.7
22.0
84.6
3.8
10.8
14.7
34,184
WA
39.8
7.7
13.7
61.2
12.7
25.3
38.0
75,978
Tas.
. .
56.2
40.7
96.9
2.1
0.8
2.9
23,572
NT
. .
. .
20.5
20.5
20.7
57.5
78.3
58,248
ACT
99.3
0.2
. .
99.5
. .
. .
. .
6,508
Australia(d)
37.4
24.0
19.7
81.0
6.2
12.2
18.4
649,171

a) Usual residence Census counts. Excludes overseas visitors.
b) Includes Remote and Very Remote Australia.
c) Includes migratory-offshore-shipping and no usual address.
d) Includes Other Territories.
. . Not applicable
Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. No reliance should be placed on small cells.
Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing, 2016


Generally, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people across all remoteness areas in 2016 were distributed similarly across age groups. There was a slightly higher proportion of 25-44 year olds in Remote areas where this age group made up just over a quarter (28%) of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population (compared with 24% in Non-remote areas).

Graph Image for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders by Age Group and Remoteness, 2016(a)

Footnote(s): a) Usual residence Census counts. Excludes overseas visitors b) Includes Remote and Very Remote Australia. Note: Cells in this table have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential data. No reliance should be placed on small cells.

Source(s): Source: 2016 Census of Population and Housing



There were no significant differences in the distribution of males and females across age groups between Non-remote and Remote areas.

Further information about where Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people live can be found in Census of Population and Housing – Counts of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2016 (ABS cat. no. 2075.0).