PLACES OF SIGNIFICANCE
Australia recognises the special features of natural, Indigenous and historic environments by placing them on the Register of the National Estate. The Register is compiled by the Australian Heritage Council. Once a site is listed, the actions of the Australian Government are constrained in that it must consider the heritage value of a site before undertaking actions which could have potentially significant adverse affects.
The ACT (including Jervis Bay) has 30 natural places registered. These range from large areas, such as the Murrumbidgee River Corridor (approximately 10,000 ha) to much smaller sites, such as the Pine Island Agglomerate (approximately 0.3 ha).
There are 30 Indigenous sites listed on the Register for the ACT (including Jervis Bay). Once again, these are a diverse group of places and range from large places such as the Jervis Bay nature reserve, to single trees, such as Murumbeeja Scarred Red Box No 1, located in Gilmore.
In addition, the ACT (including Jervis Bay) has 292 (indicative/registered) historic places listed on the Register of the National Estate. Some of these are well-known landmarks, for example the Australian War Memorial. Others are less easily identified, for example the Cork Oak Tree, located in Duntroon.