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Definitions and references
Average weekly hours paid overtime per employee - total overtime hours paid for divided by the total number of employees, including those who were not paid for any overtime. Overtime is time worked in excess of award, standard or agreed hours of work for which payment is received. Figures are the annual average of quarterly figures.
Discouraged jobseekers - people who wanted to work and who were available to start work within four weeks but whose main reason for not taking active steps to find work was that they believed they would not be able to find a job for reasons of: age; language or ethnicity; schooling; training; skills or experience; no jobs in their locality or line of work; or they considered that there were no jobs at all available.
Employed - persons aged 15 years and over who worked during the reference week for pay, profit, commission, payment in kind or without pay in a family business, or who had a job but were not at work.
Employees - employed persons who worked for wages or salary in the reference period.
Employment/population ratio - the number of employed persons in a group expressed as a proportion of the civilian population in the same group.
Full-time workers - employed persons who usually worked 35 hours a week or more and others who, although usually working less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week.
Labour force - all persons aged 15 years and over who, during the reference week, were employed or unemployed.
Long-term unemployed - people unemployed for 52 weeks or longer.
Manufacturing industries - the manufacturing division of the Australia and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (cat. no. 1292.0). Prior to 1985 the manufacturing division of the Australian Standard Industrial Classification (cat. no. 1201.0) was used.
Median duration of unemployment - the period of unemployment at which half of the unemployed had been unemployed for more weeks and half had been unemployed for fewer weeks.
Participation rate - for any group, the labour force expressed as a percentage of the civilian population in the same group.
Part-time employed - employed persons who usually worked less than 35 hours a week and who did so during the reference week.
Part-time employed who want more hours - part-time employed who indicated they would prefer to work more hours.
Service industries - the combination of the following divisions of the Australia and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (cat. no. 1292.0): wholesale trade; retail trade; accommodation, cafes and restaurants; transport and storage; communication services; finance and insurance; property and business services; government administration and defence; education; health and community services; cultural and recreation services; and personal and other services. Prior to 1986, equivalent divisions of the Australian Standard Industrial Classification (cat. no. 1201.0) were used.
Trade union membership rate - the number of employees with membership in a trade union in connection with their main job divided by total employees.
Unemployed - persons aged 15 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, but who had actively looked for work and were available to start work.
Unemployment/population ratio - the number of unemployed persons in any group, expressed as a proportion of the civilian population in the same group.
Unemployment rate - the number unemployed expressed as a proportion of the labour force. Separate rates may be calculated for sub-groups of the population.
Working days lost due to industrial disputes - total working days lost by employees due to industrial disputes during the year.
Youth - aged 15-19 years.