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Definitions and references
Acute hospital beds per 1,000 population - total number of beds in all hospitals per 1,000 estimated mean resident population.
AIDS-related deaths - deaths where AIDS was determined to be the underlying cause.
Alcohol: apparent consumption - millilitres of pure alcohol (not total alcoholic beverages) consumed divided by the population 15 and over. Apparent consumption of beer and spirits is based on the quantities on which excise duty was paid, and imports cleared for consumption. Apparent consumption of wine comprises quantities sold by winemakers and imports cleared for consumption. Home-made beer and wine is excluded.
Apparent consumption - equals (commercial production + estimated home production + imports + opening stocks) minus (exports + usage for processed food + non-food usage + wastage + closing stocks) divided by the population.
Average length of stay in hospital - the total number of occupied bed days in both public and private hospitals divided by the total number of admissions.
Average Medicare services processed - average number of services processed per person enrolled in Medicare.
Cancer - malignant neoplasms.
Crude death rate - number of deaths registered during the calendar year per 1,000 of the estimated resident population at 30 June of that year. For years prior to 1994, it is based on the mean estimated resident population for the calendar year.
Current smokers - persons aged 18 years and over who smoke one or more manufactured (packet) cigarettes, roll-your-own cigarettes, cigars or pipes per day. Smoking excludes chewing tobacco and smoking of non-tobacco products.
Doctors per 100,000 population - the number of general medical practitioners and specialist medical practitioners per 100,000 mean estimated resident population.
Fetal death - the delivery of a child weighing at least 500 grams at delivery (or, when birthweight is unavailable, of at least 22 weeks gestation) which did not, at any time after delivery, breathe or show any other evidence of life such as a heartbeat.
Fully immunised - the proportion of children reported as having received all the required vaccinations for diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis, whooping cough, measles and mumps for their age. The required vaccinations are based on the 1986 NH&MRC Standard Childhood Vaccination Schedule.
High risk drinkers - men aged 18 and over who drank more than 75ml of absolute alcohol per day and women aged 18 and over who drank more than 50ml of absolute alcohol per day.
Infant mortality rate - the annual number of deaths of children under one year of age per 1,000 live births.
Ischaemic heart disease - heart attack (acute myocardial infarction, coronary occlusion) and angina (angina pectoris).
Life expectancy at birth - the average number of years a person might expect to live if the age-specific death rates of the given period continued throughout his or her lifetime.
Live birth - the delivery of a child weighing at least 500 grams at delivery (or, when birthweight is unavailable, of at least 22 weeks gestation) who after being born, breathed or showed any other evidence of life such as a heartbeat.
Motor vehicle traffic accident
Neonatal death - any child weighing at least 500 grams at delivery (or, when birthweight is unavailable, of at least 22 weeks gestation) who was born alive (as defined under live birth) and who died within 28 days of birth.
Perinatal mortality rate - the number of fetal and neonatal deaths per 1,000 live births and fetal deaths combined.
Persons with private health insurance - proportion of the total population with private basic hospital insurance. The source of these data has changed since the previous edition.
Standardised death rate - the overall death rate that would have prevailed in a standard population if it had experienced at each age the death rates of the population being studied. The standard population used is the 1991 Australian population.
Tobacco: apparent consumption - grams of tobacco consumed divided by the population aged 15 and over. Apparent consumption of tobacco is based on the quantity on which import duty and excise was paid and does not include duty or excise free tobacco.
Total fats: apparent consumption - the total fat content of food apparently consumed, in grams, divided by the total population.
Total health expenditure as a proportion of GDP - total health expenditure as a proportion of gross domestic product at constant 1989-90 prices.
Total health expenditure per person - total health expenditure per person in Australian dollars at constant 1989-90 prices.