1220.0 - Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO) Second Edition, 1997  
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 31/07/1997   
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GEOLOGISTS AND GEOPHYSICISTS study physical aspects of the earth to determine its structure and composition, locate and advise on the extraction of minerals, petroleum or ground water; and detect, monitor and forecast seismic, magnetic, electrical, thermal and oceanographic activity.

Skill Level:
The entry requirement for this unit group is a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience is required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks Include:

  • conducting studies of the structure, nature and formation of the earth's crust and the minerals contained in it
  • studying and dating fossils and rock strata to develop knowledge of the evolution and biology of life forms, or to assess their commercial applications
  • studying the effects of natural events such as erosion, sedimentation, earthquakes and volcanic activity on the formation of the earth's surface and sea beds
  • examining and analysing geological specimens, rock cores, cuttings and samples using optical, chemical, electronic and mechanical techniques
  • conducting surveys of variations in the earth's gravitational and magnetic fields to determine its physical features
  • investigating the propagation of seismic waves to determine the structure and stability of the earth's mantle and crust
  • studying the causes of earthquakes and other stress states of the earth's crust
  • performing laboratory and field studies, and airborne, ground and drill hole surveys


This section contains the following subsection :
              2112-11 Geologist
              2112-13 Geophysicist

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