Studies physical aspects of the earth to determine its structure and composition, and to locate and advise on the extraction of minerals, petroleum or ground water.
The entry requirement for this occupation is a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience is required in addition to the formal qualification.
- conducts studies of the structure, nature and formation of the earth's crust and of the minerals contained in it
- studies and dates fossils and rock strata to develop knowledge of the evolution and biology of life forms, or to assess their commercial applications
- studies the effects of natural events such as erosion, sedimentation, earthquakes and volcanic activity on the formation of the earth's surface and sea beds
- examines and analyses geological specimens, rock cores, cuttings and samples using optical, chemical, electronic and mechanical techniques
- interprets remote sensing data to identify geological formations and anomalous areas for prospective exploration
- determines the economic viability of extracting mineral resources in cooperation with other professionals and the possible impact on the geological environment of development proposals
- determines the environmental impact of resource extraction proposals
- interprets research data from laboratory studies or exploration and prepares geological reports and maps
- prepares or supervises the preparation of laboratory reports and scientific papers
- supervises the work of technical officers, technicians and survey hands
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