Public libraries are particularly reliant on government funding for their operation, with 93% of their total income of $839.0m in 2003-04 coming from this source. The total expenses of public libraries in 2003-04 were $852.8m, of which $447.7m (53%) were labour costs. Other major expenses were purchases of library materials, and repairs and maintenance.
10.8 INCOME AND EXPENSES OF PUBLIC LIBRARIES - 2003-04
National and state libraries
All public libraries
|Government funding |
|Australia and state/territory |
|Income from services to clients |
|Total income(a) |
|Labour costs |
|Telecommunication services |
|Repair and maintenance |
|Purchases of library materials |
|Total expenses(b) |
|- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) |
|(a) Total includes other income such as fundraising, sales of goods etc. |
|(b) Total includes other expenses such as subscription payments, freight, etc. |
|Source: ABS, Public Libraries, Australia, 2003-04 (cat. no. 8561.0). |
The eight national and state archives were also highly dependent on government funding with $97.9m of their total $109.1m income coming from this source in 2003-04. An additional $10.4m came from services to clients. The total expenses of these archives was $107.0m with the greatest expense item being labour costs ($46.3m).
According to Cultural Funding by Government, 2006-07
(cat. no. 4183.0), the Australian Government provided $63.3m towards funding for public libraries in 2006-07, a 5% decrease from the previous year ($66.7m). State and territory government funding of libraries also declined (11%), from $392.7m in 2005-06 to $350.9m in 2006-07.
Similarly, Australian Government funding for archives declined slightly from $67.4m in 2005-06 to $66.5m in 2006-07. State and territory government funding for archives fell by 11% over the same period, from $38.9m to $34.8m.
In contrast, funding of libraries at the local government level increased by 4%, with $619.7m provided by local government in 2006-07, compared with $595.4m in 2005-06.