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The principal source of data for population is the Census of Population and Housing, which has been conducted at five-yearly intervals since 1961. The most recent census with data available was conducted on 7 August 2001.
For more information on the 2001 Census of Population and Housing see the Census section of the ABS website.
For information on the preparation of the Estimated resident population from Census counts see Demographic Estimates and Projections: Concepts, Sources and Methods (3228.0).