1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2008
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 07/02/2008
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Population statistics measure the size, growth, composition and geographic distribution of the population, as well as the components that shape population change - births, deaths and migration. Population statistics underpin discussion on a wide range of topical issues, including dynamics in family structures, fertility, ageing and migration. Statistics on population trends assist governments in developing social and economic policies in areas such as health, education, housing, the labour market, and the environment.
There are also important legislative requirements for the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) to produce population estimates. The legislation which determines the distribution of state, territory and local government grants uses ABS population estimates as one of the bases for calculation. Population estimates are also used to determine the number of seats each state and territory is entitled to in the House of Representatives.
The chapter contains two articles - Population projections - a tool for examining population ageing and Recent increases in Australia's fertility.