4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1998
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 03/06/1998
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Definitions and references
Average weekly hours paid overtime per employee - total overtime hours paid for divided by the total number of employees, including those who were not paid for any overtime. Overtime is time worked in excess of award, standard or agreed hours of work for which payment is received. Figures are the annual average of quarterly figures.
Casually employed - employees who were not entitled to either paid holiday leave or sick leave in their main job.
Discouraged jobseekers - people who wanted to work and who were available to start work within four weeks but whose main reason for not taking active steps to find work was that they believed they would not be able to find a job for reasons of: age; language or ethnicity; schooling; training; skills or experience; no jobs in their locality or line of work; or they considered that there were no jobs at all available.
Employed - persons aged 15 and over who worked during the reference week for pay, profit, commission, payment in kind or without pay in a family business, or who had a job but were not at work.
Employees - employed persons who worked for wages or salary in the reference period.
Employment/population ratio - the number of employed persons in a group expressed as a proportion of the civilian population in the same group.
Full-time workers - employed persons who usually worked 35 hours a week or more and others who, although usually working less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week.
Job mobile - the proportion of people aged 15-69 who had worked at some time during the previous year who were job mobile, that is, they changed their job (employer/business or locality) within the previous year.
Labour force - for any group, persons who were employed or unemployed, as defined.
Long-term unemployed - people unemployed for 52 weeks or longer.
Manufacturing industries - the manufacturing division of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) (cat. no. 1292.0).
Marginally attached - persons who were not in the labour force, wanted to work and: were actively looking for work but were not available to start; or were not actively looking for but were available to start work.
Median duration of unemployment - the period of unemployment at which half of the unemployed had been unemployed for more weeks and half had been unemployed for fewer weeks.
Participation rate - for any group, the labour force expressed as a percentage of the civilian population in the same group.
Part-time employed - employed persons who usually worked less than 35 hours a week and who did so during the reference week.
Part-time employed who prefer more hours - part-time employed workers who indicated that they would prefer to work more hours.
Service industries - the combination of the following divisions of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) (cat. no. 1292.0): wholesale trade; retail trade; accommodation, cafes and restaurants; transport and storage; communication services; finance and insurance; property and business services; government administration and defence; education; health and community services; cultural and recreational services; and personal and other services.
Teenage unemployment/population ratio - the number of unemployed people aged 15-19, expressed as a proportion of all people aged 15-19.
Teenage unemployment rate - the number of unemployed people aged 15-19, expressed as a proportion of people aged 15-19 in the labour force.
Trade union membership - employees with membership of an organisation (or employee or professional association), the principle activities of which include the negotiation of rates of pay and conditions of employment for its members.
Reference: Trade Union Members, Australia (cat. no. 6325.0).
Unemployed - persons aged 15 and over who were not employed during the reference week, but who had actively looked for work and were available to start work.
Unemployment rate - the number unemployed expressed as a proportion of the labour force. Separate rates may be calculated for sub-groups of the population.
Working days lost due to industrial disputes - total working days lost by employees due to industrial disputes during the year.