6333.0 - Characteristics of Employment, Australia, August 2015 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 31/08/2016   
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DISTRIBUTION OF EARNINGS

At August 2015, the mean weekly earnings of employees and owner managers of incorporated enterprises (OMIEs) was higher than median weekly earnings. This difference demonstrates the asymmetric distribution of earnings, where a relatively small number of employees and OMIEs have comparatively very high earnings. This is illustrated in the graph below.

GRAPH: Distribution of employee earnings
While median and mean earnings provide useful information about earnings distributions, they do not capture all the information about the distribution. It is also useful to consider percentiles, which measure the spread of earnings across the population. For example, the 10th percentile, P10, separates the population into the bottom 10% (lowest earners) and top 90%, while P90 separates the population into the bottom 90% and the top 10% (highest earners). At August 2015, P10 for weekly earnings in main job was $308, while P90 for weekly earnings in main job was $2,120. (Datacube 11)

As would be expected, the distribution of weekly earnings of part-time employees and OMIEs was concentrated in lower earning groups with 59% earning under $600 per week. For full-time employees and OMIEs, 68% earned $1,000 or more per week. For male full-time employees and OMIEs, the mean weekly earnings in main job was $1,591 and the median weekly earnings in main job was $1,300. For female full-time employees and OMIEs, the mean weekly earnings in main job was $1,289 and the median weekly earnings in main job was $1,136. For part-time employees and OMIEs, the mean weekly earnings in main job for males was $540 and the median weekly earnings was $420. Whilst for females the mean weekly earnings was $578 and the median $503. (Datacube 11)