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Equivalised household income
Equivalising adjusts actual income to take into account the different needs of the households of different sizes and compositions. There are economic advantages associated with living with others, because household resources, especially housing, can be shared.
The equivalence scale used to obtain equivalised income is that used in studies by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and is referred to as the 'modified OECD scale'. The scale gives a weight of 1.0 to the first adult in the household, a weight of 0.5 for each additional adult (persons aged 15 years and over) and a weight of 0.3 for every child. For each household, the weights of the household members are added together to form a household weight. Total household income is then divided by the household weight to give an income that a lone person household would need for a similar standard of living.
Equivalised household income can be viewed as an indicator of the economic resources available to each member of the household.
This comprises two or more people, one of whom is at least 15 years of age, who are related by blood, marriage (registered or de facto), adoption, step or fostering, and who usually live in the same household. A separate family is formed for each married couple, or for each set of parent-child relationships where only one parent is present.
Employed persons who usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) and those who, although usually working less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week.
Graduate diploma and graduate certificate
This level provides graduate specialisation within a systematic and coherent body of knowledge, and develops or broadens vocational knowledge, skills and practical experience in a new or existing field of professional study.
A household is defined as a group of two or more related or unrelated people who usually reside in the same dwelling, who regard themselves as a household, and who make common provision for food or other essentials for living; or a person living in a dwelling who makes provision for his/her own food and other essentials for living, without combining with any other person.
When originally ranking and deriving income quintiles, the same dollar values can appear in adjoining quintiles. The quintile boundaries were then adjusted so that each quintile range was mutually exclusive. The impact of this is minor but it should be noted that the income quintiles only approximate 20% of the estimated population. Cases where the income was not stated, not known or refused are recorded as 'Income not known or not stated' and were excluded from the calculation of the quintiles. See also Quintiles.
Labour force status
A classification of the civilian population aged 15 years and over into employed, unemployed or not in the labour force, as defined. The definitions conform closely to the international standard definitions adopted by the International Conferences of Labour Statisticians.
Respondents were asked whether they had made use of a local, council, state or national library in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by this. This category includes national and state libraries as well as public libraries. The latter are institutions funded by state and local government which are primarily engaged in the provision of a free library service to the population of a community or region. Special libraries and those located in educational institutions are excluded from this category. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to exclude visits to libraries if the primary purpose was to go to a cafe, restaurant or shop.
Lone person household
A household consisting of a person living alone.
Main English-speaking countries
The list of main English-speaking countries (MESC) provided here is not an attempt to classify countries on the basis of whether or not English is the predominant or official language of each country. It is a list of the main countries from which Australia receives, or has received, significant numbers of overseas settlers who are likely to speak English. These countries comprise the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa and the United States of America. Non-MESC describes people originating from countries where a language other than English is likely to be spoken by migrants. It is important to note that being from a non main English-speaking country does not imply a lack of proficiency in English.
Respondents were asked whether they had been to any museums in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'museums'. These could include organisations involved in the collection, acquisition, research into, conservation, communication and exhibition of the material evidence of people, their culture and environment, for the purposes of study, education and enjoyment by the general public and/or specialists. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to include science and technology, history, natural science, transport and specialist museums, science centres, museums and art galleries combined, and historical theme parks, and to exclude art museums and galleries and visits to museums if the primary purpose was to go to a cafe, restaurant or shop.
Musicals and operas
Respondents were asked whether they had been to any musicals or any operas in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'musicals' and 'operas'. This category could include major musical productions, operas and operettas, performed in front of a live audience. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to exclude variety, cabaret and instrumental music performances and primary or secondary school productions.
These are all people aged 15 years or over (except those aged 15-24 years who are full-time students) who have a parent in the household and do not have a partner or child of their own in the household.
Not in labour force
Persons who were not in the categories employed or unemployed as defined.
A household consisting of a lone parent and at least one dependent child usually resident in the household. Related non-dependent children may also be present in the household. Households which also have other related or unrelated residents are included.
Comprises all households not otherwise defined, including multiple family households, and households consisting of unrelated adults.
Other performing arts
Respondents were asked whether they had been to any other performing arts (excluding music concerts, operas, musicals, theatre and dance performances) in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'other performing arts'. This category could include performing artists, working individually or in groups or companies. Some examples may be acrobats, clowns, fire eaters, sword swallowers, stilt walkers, trick cyclists, magicians, ventriloquists, pantomime and mime artists, comedians, ice dancing, reciters, poetry readers and oral history performance artists. This category also includes variety shows, revues, and circuses.
Employed persons who usually worked less than 35 hours a week (in all jobs) and either did so during the reference week, or were not at work in the reference week.
Popular music concerts
Respondents were asked whether they had been to any other music concerts, excluding classical music concerts, in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'other music concerts'. This category may include the presentation, in front of live audiences, of popular music performances by individual musicians and vocalists as well as by orchestras, brass and concert bands, music groups, etc. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to include country and western concerts, ethnic and multicultural music, pub bands, concerts in the park, performing disc jockeys, and watching the taping of popular music-based television shows. They were advised to exclude busking and street parades, demonstrations, sporting events, performances that the respondent viewed while pursuing another activity and primary or secondary school productions.
This level provides for in-depth study in a particular field, and builds on the knowledge and skills gained from previous study. There is usually emphasis on original research. This level includes Doctorates and Master Degrees, either by research or course work.
Groupings that result from ranking all households or people in the population in ascending order according to some characteristic such as their income and then dividing the population into five equal groups, each comprising around 20% of the estimated population. See also Income quintiles.
Respondents were asked whether they had been to any theatre performance, such as a play or drama, in the last 12 months. These could include live performances, by actors or puppets, of plays where the entire, or a major part of the performance, does not use song and music. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to include alternate, playback, puppet, fringe, youth and community theatre, theatre sports and theatre of the deaf as well as drama, comedy, mime and theatre-in-education. They were advised to exclude circuses, touring 'club' shows, variety acts, operas and musicals, and primary and secondary school performances.
Persons aged 15 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, and:
A usual residence is a dwelling that is a person’s only or main residence. If a person resided in more than one dwelling, the usual residence was the dwelling with which the person had the strongest family and/or economic ties. This would normally be the person’s permanent home base or place of permanent address.
This level provides the basis for further study in both higher education and vocational education and training, and for entry to the workforce. Year 12 marks the completion of secondary education.
This level provides the basis for further study in both higher education and vocational education and training, and for entry to the workforce.
This level develops knowledge of specific subjects by expanding on Year 9 education. It also provides a foundation for lifelong learning by preparing students for further study and enabling them to acquire work-related skills necessary for entry to the workforce.
Zoological parks and aquariums
Respondents were asked whether they had been to any zoos, wildlife parks or aquariums or marine parks in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'zoos', 'wildlife parks', 'aquariums' and 'marine parks'. This category could include zoological gardens, other wildlife parks, aquariums and marine parks primarily engaged in the breeding, preservation, study and display of native and/or exotic fauna in captivity, enclosures or natural environments, so as to be accessible to the general public. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to exclude national parks and sanctuaries, as well as marine parks such as the Great Barrier Reef.
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