8111.0 - Research and Experimental Development, Higher Education Organisations, Australia, 2016 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 22/05/2018   
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GLOSSARY

Academics

Staff engaged in supporting R&D, who are defined as having an academic classification by the Department of Education and Training.

Applied research

Original work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge with a specific application in view. It is undertaken either to determine possible uses for the findings of basic research or to determine new ways of achieving some specific and predetermined objectives.

Australian Competitive Grants Register (ACGR)

As a source of R&D funding, this includes a list of schemes that provide competitive research grants to higher education providers. Funding in this category includes both Commonwealth and Other/Non-Commonwealth Australian Competitive Grants schemes.

Business

As a source of R&D funding, this includes R&D grants (excluding ACGR schemes) and payments for R&D projects funded by or carried out on behalf of businesses (irrespective of whether private or government owned).

Capital expenditure

Expenditure on the acquisition of fixed tangible assets such as land, buildings, vehicles, plant, machinery and equipment which is attributable to R&D activity.

Current expenditure

Expenditure on direct labour costs, scholarships, materials, fuels, rent and hiring, repairs and maintenance, data processing, etc. and the proportion of expenditure on general services and overheads which is attributable to R&D activity.

Donations, bequests and foundations

As a source of R&D funding, this includes research specific donations and bequests from non-profit organisations and Australian individuals.

Experimental development

Systematic work, using existing knowledge gained from research or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products, devices, policies, behaviours or outlooks; to installing new processes, systems and services; or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

Fields of Research (FOR)

The FOR classification allows R&D activity to be categorised according to the methodology used in the R&D, rather than the activity of the unit performing the R&D or the purpose of the R&D. The FOR reflects the field in which the research was undertaken and is based on the processes and techniques used.

General university funds

As a source of R&D funding, this includes funds from:

    • the Commonwealth Government (other than targeted research funding), including the Australian National University Institute of Advanced Studies funds; and the portion of other revenue sourced from the Commonwealth spent on R&D but not identified as 'Competitive Research Grants' or 'Other commonwealth government'; and
    • fees and charges, income relating to Higher Education Contribution Scheme liabilities, income from non-research specific donations, bequests and foundations, investment income, reversions from provisions accounts, loans drawn down, income from the institutions commercial operations and from sale of products or assets.

Human resources devoted to R&D

The effort of researchers, postgraduate students and other staff directly involved with R&D activity. Overhead staff (e.g. administrative and general service employees such as personnel officers, janitors, etc.) whose work indirectly supports R&D are excluded.

Labour costs

Expenditure relating to: wages and salaries; overtime earnings; penalty payments; shift allowances; employer contributions into superannuation; fringe benefits and payroll taxes; severance, termination and redundancy payments; workers' compensation premiums/costs; provisions for employee entitlements; salaries and fees of directors and executives; retainers and commissions of persons who received a retainer; bonuses; annual and other types of paid leave.

Land, buildings and other structures

Expenditure on land, buildings and other structures acquired for R&D purposes including testing grounds, sites for laboratories and pilot plants, landscaping, site preparation works, fit-out costs for new buildings and major improvements and modifications.

Location

The region in which the institution is located (i.e. the main campus or head office location of the reporting institution, with the exception of the Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA), which is part of the University of New South Wales but is shown against the Australian Capital Territory).

Overseas funds

As a source of R&D funding, this includes R&D grants and payments for R&D projects funded by or carried out on behalf of non-Australian or overseas entities.

Other Australian

As a source of R&D funding, this represents any other Australian sources of funds not included in the other categories.

Other capital expenditure

Expenditure on office and other equipment (including capitalised computer software licence fees), furnishings, vehicles, plant, machinery and equipment.

Other commonwealth government

As a source of R&D funding, this includes all other targeted research funding from Commonwealth agencies such as CRC grants (but excluding ACGR schemes) and payments for R&D projects funded by or carried out on behalf of the Commonwealth Government. Other examples of funding included are:
    • Australian Postgraduate Awards (APA)
    • International Postgraduate Research Scholarships (IPRS)
    • Joint Research Engagement (JRE)
    • Research Infrastructure Block Grants (RIBG)
    • Research Training Scheme (RTS)
    • Sustainable Research Excellence (SRE)

Other current expenditure

All other non-staff expenditures including: materials, fuels and other inputs; rent, leasing and hiring expenses; repair and maintenance expenses; payments to outside organisations for use of specialised testing facilities or for analytical work, engineering or other specialised services in support of R&D projects carried out by the university; software for own account produced as part of R&D; academic services purchased from outside and any other current expenses which are not captured by labour costs or scholarships. Payments for patent searches and for purchases of technical know-how are excluded.

Other staff

Technicians, skilled and unskilled employees, secretarial and clerical staff directly associated with R&D activity.

Person years of effort (PYE)

One person year of effort is equal to a full-time employee whose time is wholly devoted to R&D for a whole year.

Postgraduate students

Postgraduate research students supporting R&D, who are defined as engaged in a Doctorate by research or a Masters by research by the Department of Education and Training.

Pure basic research

Experimental and theoretical work undertaken to acquire new knowledge without looking for long term benefits other than the advancement of knowledge.

R&D activity

Systematic investigation or experimentation involving innovation or technical risk, the outcome of which is new knowledge, with or without a specific practical application, or new or improved products, processes, materials, devices or services. R&D activity extends to modifications to existing products/processes. R&D activity ceases and pre-production begins when work is no longer experimental.

Scholarships

Comprises expenditure by the university on scholarships for research higher degrees.

Socio-economic Objective (SEO)

The SEO classification allows R&D activity to be categorised according to the intended purpose or outcome of the research, rather than the processes or techniques used in order to achieve this objective. The SEO reflects the dominant beneficiary or beneficiaries of the research output.

State and local government funds

As a source of R&D funding, this includes R&D grants (excluding ACGR schemes) and payments for R&D projects funded by or carried out on behalf of state and local government.

Strategic basic research

Experimental and theoretical work undertaken to acquire new knowledge directed into specified broad areas in the expectation of practical discoveries. It provides the broad base of knowledge necessary for the solution of recognised practical problems.

Type of Activity

This classification allows R&D activity to be categorised according to the type of research effort, namely, pure basic research, strategic basic research, applied research and experimental development.