At 30 June 2000, manufacturing establishments in Australia employed 932,800 persons. During 1999-2000 those establishments paid $35,482m in wages and salaries and generated $231,145m of turnover and $70,018m of value added (table 19.3).
The manufacturing subdivisions with the most persons employed at 30 June 2000 were Machinery and equipment manufacturing (200,700), Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (168,100) and Metal product manufacturing (144,600). Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing (35,600) was the smallest employer, accounting for only 3.8% of manufacturing employment. Information on manufacturing employment by State/Territory is in table 19.11.
Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing was the largest contributor to total manufacturing turnover and to total industry value added (IVA). The industry's turnover of $51,089m was 22% of the total for manufacturing, and its value added of $14,496m accounted for 21%. Other subdivisions making major contributions were Machinery and equipment manufacturing (19% of turnover and 20% of value added), Metal product manufacturing (18% and 15%) and Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (16% and 14%). Information on industry value added and turnover by State/Territory is contained in tables 19.6 and 19.10 respectively.
The generally direct relationship between employment and contribution to IVA is indicated in graph 19.4. The four industry subdivisions that employed 66% of the manufacturing workforce in 1999-2000, namely Machinery and equipment manufacturing; Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing; Metal product manufacturing; and Printing, publishing and recorded media, also contributed 66% of IVA.
The most significant contributions to IVA, as depicted in graph 19.5, came from manufacturing establishments employing 100 or more persons, with a total contribution of 57% of manufacturing IVA. Nevertheless, small establishments (those employing up to 19 persons) contributed a significant 19% of total IVA. The greatest contributors to IVA among larger establishments were food, beverage and tobacco manufacturers, contributing 77% of total IVA generated by larger establishments. In contrast, this industry subdivision contributed only 6% of IVA generated by small establishments. Among small establishments the largest contributing subdivision was Other manufacturing (46%).
19.3 MANUFACTURING, Summary of Operations by Industry - 1999-2000
|Industry subdivision |
Industry value added
|Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing |
|Textile, clothing, footwear and leather manufacturing |
|Wood and paper product manufacturing |
|Printing, publishing and recorded media |
|Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing |
|Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing |
|Metal product manufacturing |
|Machinery and equipment manufacturing |
|Other manufacturing |
|Total manufacturing |
|(a) Includes working proprietors. |
(b) Excludes the drawings of working proprietors.
Source: Manufacturing Industry, Australia, Preliminary (8201.0).