1220.0 - Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO) Second Edition, 1997  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 31/07/1997   
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2114-17 Soil Scientist

Studies the location, composition and characteristics of soils to improve soil management, ensure soil conservation, classify soil types and increase soil productivity.

Skill Level:
The entry requirement for this occupation is a bachelor degree or higher qualification. In some instances relevant experience is required in addition to the formal qualification.

Tasks Include:

  • investigates soil fertility taking into account microbial populations, soil fauna, content of organic matter and presence of nitrogen, oxygen and other elements required for plant growth and productivity
  • studies the physical and chemical properties of soils to determine the potential for plant growth, water absorption capacity, drainage characteristics, acidity, texture and degree of salinity
  • develops soil management practices, and studies their effects on the long-term productivity of soil
  • determines the mineralogy and structure of soil constituents to explain absorption processes
  • investigates the mechanical properties of soils to improve tillage practices
  • studies the influence of soil properties on the amount and chemical content of recharge to ground water tables
  • investigates and advises on soil conservation problems and farming practices to reduce soil erosion and water quality deterioration
  • advises on water quality and salinity problems, particularly those associated with irrigation
  • may examine layering and drainage of soils used in foundations for roads, dams, buildings and other structures
  • may supervise and coordinate the work of technical officers and other workers

Specialisations:
Soil Conservationist

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