4148.0 - Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, Aug 2006 Quality Declaration 
ARCHIVED ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/03/2008   
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For information on the institutional environment of the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), including the legislative obligations of the ABS, financing and governance arrangements, and mechanisms for scrutiny of ABS operations, please see ABS Institutional Environment.


The Employment in Sport and Recreation publication presents information about people employed in sport or physical recreation occupations as their main job held during the week prior to Census Night using data from the 2006 Census of Population and Housing.

The Australian Census of Population and Housing is the official count of population and dwellings and collects details of age, sex, and other characteristics of the population.

The Census aims to measure the number and key characteristics of people in Australia on Census Night. All people in Australia on Census Night are in scope, except foreign diplomats and their families. Visitors to Australia are counted regardless of how long they have been in the country or how long they plan to stay. Australian residents not in the country on Census Night are out of scope of the Census.

This publication provides occupation and industry data for people aged 15 years and over who are employed. The occupations and industries that are considered 'sport and physical recreation' are classified according to the Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications, 2008 (cat. no. 4902.0). Overseas visitors are not included in this publication as information about their industry and occupation of employment was not collected on the Census.


The Census and Statistics Act requires the Australian Statistician to conduct a Census on a regular basis; since 1961 a Census has been held every 5 years. The 2006 Census is the 15th national Census for Australia and was held on 8 August 2006.

For the 2006 Census, first release data was available on the ABS Website on 27 June 2007, and second release data (including occupation and industry of main job) on 25 October 2007.

The Employment in Sport and Recreation publication is released approximately five months following the release of Census second release data.


The ABS aims to produce high quality data from the Census. To achieve this, extensive effort is put into Census form design, collection procedures, and processing. There are four principle sources of error in Census data which quality management aims to reduce as much as possible; they are respondent error, processing error, partial or non-response, and undercount. For more detail see 2006 Census Dictionary entry Managing Census Quality.

The Census is self-enumerated, and respondents sometimes do not return a Census form or fail to answer every applicable question. Persons are imputed into dwellings for which no form was returned, together with some demographic characteristics for these people. These same demographic characteristics are imputed if not provided by respondents on a returned form. However, the majority of output classifications include a "Not Stated" category to record the level of non-response for that data item. Data Quality Statements are produced for each census data item and include the non-response rate for each variable and a brief outline of any known data quality problems. These can be accessed from the Census Dictionary, 2006 (cat. no. 2901.0) under 'Short Definitions and Classifications - 2006'.

The Data Quality Statements state that the non-response rate for Occupation (OCC06P) in 2006 was 0.8%, while the non-response rate for Industry of Employment (IND06P) was 1.4%. There has been an increase between 2001 and 2006 in the number of persons whose industry of employment was coded to inadequately described or unclassifiable (to 1.2% of persons). This is due mainly to a change in processing procedures for 2006, when some of the less detailed responses were coded to this category rather than attempting to find the nearest possible appropriate code.


In the 2006 Census, occupations were classified to the most detailed (six-digit) level of both the Australian Standard Classification of Occupations, Second Edition, 1997 and the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations, First Edition, 2006 (cat. no. 1220.0). If a Census response lacked adequate information for it to be coded to the six-digit occupation level, it was coded to a 'not further defined' category (e.g. Sport and recreation managers nfd) with zeroes in the fifth and sixth digit positions of the ASCO or ANZSCO code.

Sport and physical recreation occupations were selected on the basis of inclusion in the Occupation Classification in the Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications (ACLC), 2008 (cat. no. 4902.0). While the Occupation Classification of the ACLC does not specifically identify sport and physical recreation occupations, Division 3 (Sports and Physical Recreation) of ACLC Industry Classifications was used as a guide to determine which of the ACLC Occupation categories to include.

In the Census, industry was coded according to both the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 and the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (cat. no. 1292.0).

Classifications relating to industry and occupation (ANZSIC and ANZSCO respectively) were reviewed and updated prior to the 2006 Census. The ACLC was subsequently reviewed to take account of the new classifications.

For the 2006 Census, occupation data and industry data were dual coded, as new occupation and industry classifications have been introduced since the 2001 Census. Comparisons with the 2001 Census shown in table 1 are shown using the 2006 ANZSIC and ANZSCO classification.

Following the introduction of the new edition of the ANZSCO there has been a major classification change affecting two occupation codes - Swimming Instructors and Teachers and Lifeguards. For the 2001 Census, Swimming Instructors and Teachers were included with Fitness Instructors, whereas in 2006 they were included with Swimming Coaches. Lifeguards were previously included with Other Sportspersons and are now a separately identified occupation.


The Census provides a wealth of data about the Australian community through a suite of standard products or as data customised for individual requirements. The 2006 Census Dictionary is a comprehensive reference guide designed to assist users to determine and specify their data requirements and to understand the concepts underlying the data as well as details of classifications used and a glossary of definitions of Census terms.

A number of other resources can be accessed from the Census Reference and Information page including Data Quality Statements, Frequently Asked Questions, and Product Briefs.


An extensive range of standard products are available from the Census, for details see the Census Products page or access Census Data online. If the Census information you require is not available as a standard product or service, then ABS Consultancy Services can help you with customised services to suit your needs. Contact 1300 135 070 from within Australia or +61 2 9268 4909 from overseas for all your Census and other information needs. Alternatively, please email client.services@abs.gov.au.