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11.1. Saving is defined as that part of current income (after direct taxes) that is not used up or transferred as part of household current consumption. Saving includes current disbursements made in the form of a reduction in household liabilities, i.e. repayment of capital on loans for housing and consumer durables. These repayments may be made to financial institutions, governments or other households.
11.5. Saving is not directly affected by the receipt or consumption of income-in-kind. However, the level of saving achieved by households may be indirectly affected by the receipt of income-in-kind which may obviate the need to purchase consumption items out of cash income.