3301.0 - Births, Australia, 2018 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 11/12/2019   
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Key findings

  • There were 315,147 registered births in 2018, an increase of 1.9% from 2017.
  • For all Australian women, the total fertility rate was 1.74 births per woman.
  • For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women, total fertility rate was 2.37 births per woman.
  • The net reproductive rate was steady at 0.838.

Births registered, Summary statistics for Australia(a)

2008
2017(b)
2018(b)

Births
Malesno.
155 204
159 221
162 088
Femalesno.
147 068
149 921
153 059
Personsno.
302 272
309 142
315 147
Sex ratio(c)ratio
105.5
106.2
105.9
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander births(d)no.
16 090
20 400
21 928
Fertility
Total fertility rate(e)rate
2.023
1.741
1.740
Total fertility rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers(d)(e)(f)rate
2.368
2.257
2.371
Crude birth rate(g)rate
14.2
12.6
12.6
Net reproduction rate(h)rate
0.971
0.837
0.838
Median age of motheryears
30.7
31.3
31.4
Median age of father (where age is known)years
33.1
33.3
33.5

(a) Includes Other Territories.
(b) Rates have been calculated using estimated resident population based on the 2016 Census of Population and Housing.
(c) Number of males per 100 females.
(d) Care should be taken when interpreting data, due to changes over time in the completeness and coverage of responses by the parent(s) to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander question on the birth registration form.
(e) Births per woman.
(f) Fertility rates for 2017 and 2018 are calculated using 2016 Census-based population projections.
(g) Births per 1,000 estimated resident population.
(h) Daughters surviving to reproductive age per woman.