5352.0 - International Investment Position, Australia: Supplementary Statistics, 2018  
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ANALYSIS AND COMMENTS


INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT POSITION

Australia's net international liability position as at 31 December 2018 was $975.7b, an increase of $6.9b on the previous year.


Level of foreign investment in Australia

The level of foreign investment in Australia reached $3,514.4b for the year ended 31 December 2018, an increase of $187.1b (6%) on the previous year. Portfolio investment accounted for $1,836.3b (52%), direct investment for $967.5b (28%), other investment for $508.0b (14%) and financial derivatives $202.6b (6%). Of the portfolio investment liabilities, debt securities accounted for $1,287.6b (37% of foreign investment in Australia) and equity securities for $548.7b (16% of foreign investment in Australia).

The leading investor countries for the year ended 31 December 2018 were:

  • United States of America $939.5b (27%)
  • United Kingdom $574.8b (16%)
  • Belgium $316.9b (9%)
  • Japan $229.3b (7%)
  • Hong Kong (SAR of China) $118.8b (3%)
  • Singapore $85.4b (2%).

FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN AUSTRALIA, LEVELS, 31 DECEMBER 2018
Graph. This graph shows the levels of Foreign Investment in Australia as at 31 December 2018


Level of Australian investment abroad

The level of Australian investment abroad reached $2,538.8b for the year ended 31 December 2018, an increase of $180.2b (8%) on the previous year. Portfolio investment accounted for $1,124.8b (44%), direct investment for $695.6b (27%), other investment for $439.7b (17%), financial derivatives for $197.2b (8%) and reserve assets for $81.5b (3%). Of the portfolio investment assets, equity securities accounted for $713.0b (28% of Australian investment abroad) and debt securities $411.7b (16% of Australian investment abroad).

The leading investment destination countries for the year ended 31 December 2018 were:
  • United States of America $718.9b (28%)
  • United Kingdom $408.0b (16%)
  • Japan $113.0b (4%)
  • New Zealand $96.7b (4%)
  • Cayman Islands $77.5b (3%)
  • Germany $77.3b (3%).

AUSTRALIAN INVESTMENT ABROAD, LEVELS, 31 DECEMBER 2018
Graph. This graph shows the levels of Australian Investment Abroad as at 31 December 2018


FINANCIAL ACCOUNT TRANSACTIONS

The financial account for the year ended 31 December 2018 recorded a net inflow of $45.2b. This result is a decrease of $1.1b on a net inflow of $46.3b recorded for the previous year.


Foreign investment in Australia - Transactions

Foreign investment in Australia recorded a net inflow of $37.0b for the year ended 31 December 2018, an increase of $1.7b (5%) on the net inflow of $35.3b for the previous year.

Leading countries recording net inflows during 2018 were:
  • France $19.4b
  • United Kingdom $18.3b
  • Belgium $15.3b.

Partly offsetting these, net outflows were recorded for the following countries:
  • United States of America $10.6b
  • Switzerland $7.7b
  • Taiwan $5.7b.

FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN AUSTRALIA, TRANSACTIONS, 31 DECEMBER 2018
Graph. This graph shows the Transactions of Foreign Investment in Australia as at 31 December 2018


Australian investment abroad - Transactions

Australian investment abroad recorded a net inflow of $8.2b for the year ended 31 December 2018, a decrease of $2.8b (26%) on the net inflow of $11.0b for the previous year.

Leading countries recording net inflows during 2018 were:
  • Japan $19.0b
  • United Kingdom $17.4b
  • Switzerland $8.9b.

Partly offsetting these, net outflows were recorded for the following countries:
  • United States of America $13.6b
  • Canada $11.2b
  • Cayman Islands $7.7b.

AUSTRALIAN INVESTMENT ABROAD, TRANSACTIONS, 31 DECEMBER 2018
Graph. This graph shows the Transaction of Australian Investment Abroad as at 31 December 2018


INCOME

Income debits

Income debits totalled $117.5b for the year ended 31 December 2018, an increase of $15.9b on income debits from the previous year. The main countries to which income accrued for the year ended 31 December 2018 were:
  • United States of America $28.3b (24%)
  • United Kingdom $13.9b (12%)
  • Japan $11.8b (10%)
  • Belgium $7.7b (7%)
  • Bermuda $4.0b (3%)
  • Netherlands $3.5b (3%).


Income credits

Income credits totalled $61.4b for the year ended 31 December 2018, an increase of $9.1b on income credits from the previous year. The main countries from which income accrued for the year ended 31 December 2018 were:
  • United States of America $16.4b (27%)
  • New Zealand $5.5b (9%)
  • United Kingdom $4.5b (7%)
  • Germany $2.2b (4%)
  • China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) $2.1b (3%)
  • Netherlands $1.5b (2%).