Favourable weather conditions in Western Australia during the winter cropping season drove national wheat production up, to 25.3 million tonnes. The increase in production nationally was offset by poor conditions across New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland resulting in decreases in production across all three states. The area planted to wheat fell nationally, to 12,600 hectares, and Western Australia and Tasmania were the only two states to increase their area planted.
Barley production increased substantially to 9.2 million tonnes, recording the largest production estimate since 2005-06. All states/territories contributed to this increase, with Western Australia contributing the largest production increase up 58% to 3.6 million tonnes, due to favourable weather conditions.
Sorghum production and the area planted decreased substantially, down 43% and 18% respectively. Queensland and New South Wales were the main contributors to the decrease, with hot and dry conditions in the main cropping areas of these states resulting in both delayed planting and reduced area sown to sorghum.
Following record production in 2012-13, canola production decreased, down 7% to 3.8 million tonnes . Untimely frosts in New South Wales and Victoria in late 2013 played a role in the national drop in production, despite increases in Western Australia and South Australia. The area sown to canola also decreased, with adverse weather conditions at the time of planting in New South Wales and Victoria driving the national estimate down.
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