5368.0 - International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia, Jul 2017 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 07/09/2017   
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ANALYSIS AND COMMENTS


BALANCE ON GOODS AND SERVICES

In trend terms, the balance on goods and services was a surplus of $768m in July 2017, a decrease of $250m on the surplus in June 2017.

In seasonally adjusted terms, the balance on goods and services was a surplus of $460m in July 2017, a decrease of $428m on the surplus in June 2017.

GOODS AND SERVICES SUMMARY(a), Seasonally Adjusted and Trend

Change in:
May 2017
Jun 2017
Jul 2017
Jul 2017
Jul 2017
$m
$m
$m
$m
%

Seasonally Adjusted

BALANCE on goods and services
1 951
888
460
-428
-48
CREDITS
Total goods and services
32 189
31 780
31 071
-709
-2
Total goods
25 911
25 631
24 763
-868
-3
Rural goods(b)
4 120
4 158
4 255
97
2
Non-rural goods(b)
20 249
19 527
18 896
-631
-3
Net exports of goods under merchanting(c)
27
26
22
-4
-15
Non-monetary gold(c)
1 515
1 921
1 591
-330
-17
Total services
6 278
6 149
6 308
159
3
DEBITS
Total goods and services
-30 239
-30 892
-30 611
-281
-1
Total goods
-23 824
-24 513
-24 178
-335
-1
Consumption goods
-8 362
-8 519
-8 380
-139
-2
Capital goods
-5 635
-6 364
-6 337
-27
-
Intermediate and other merchandise goods
-9 514
-9 079
-9 002
-77
-1
Non-monetary gold(c)
-313
-551
-459
-92
-17
Total services
-6 415
-6 379
-6 433
54
1

Trend(d)

BALANCE on goods and services
1 449
1 018
768
-250
-25
CREDITS
Total goods and services
31 925
31 679
31 554
-125
-
Total goods
25 684
25 420
25 282
-138
-1
Rural goods(b)
4 117
4 150
4 190
40
1
Non-rural goods(b)
19 901
19 564
19 329
-235
-1
Net exports of goods under merchanting
25
24
25
1
4
Non-monetary gold
1 642
1 683
1 738
55
3
Total services
6 241
6 259
6 272
13
-
DEBITS
Total goods and services
-30 476
-30 661
-30 786
125
-
Total goods
-24 091
-24 248
-24 355
107
-
Consumption goods
-8 370
-8 413
-8 440
27
-
Capital goods
-6 084
-6 203
-6 304
101
2
Intermediate and other merchandise goods
-9 185
-9 184
-9 165
-19
-
Non-monetary gold
-453
-448
-446
-2
-
Total services
-6 385
-6 413
-6 432
19
-

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) For sign conventions, see paragraph 15 of the Explanatory Notes.
(b) For all time periods, estimates for sugar, sugar preparations and honey are included in Non-rural goods.
(c) This component is not seasonally adjusted.
(d) Caution should be used when interpreting recent trend estimates as they may be affected by unusual economic factors. For more details on trend estimates, see paragraph 19 of the Explanatory Notes.



EXPORTS OF GOODS AND SERVICES

Between June and July 2017, the trend estimate of goods and services credits fell $125m to $31,554m.

In seasonally adjusted terms, goods and services credits fell $709m (2%) to $31,071m. Non-rural goods fell $631m (3%), non-monetary gold fell $330m (17%) and net exports of goods under merchanting fell $4m (15%). Rural goods rose $97m (2%). Services credits rose $159m (3%).


Exports of goods
GOODS CREDITS
Graph: This graph shows the Trend and Seasonally adjusted estimate for Goods Credits

GOODS CREDITS, Seasonally Adjusted

Change in:
May 2017
Jun 2017
Jul 2017
Jul 2017
Jul 2017
$m
$m
$m
$m
%

Total goods credits
25 911
25 631
24 763
-868
-3
General merchandise
24 369
23 684
23 150
-534
-2
Rural goods
4 120
4 158
4 255
97
2
Meat and meat preparations
989
1 037
1 074
37
4
Cereal grains and cereal preparations
892
899
782
-117
-13
Wool and sheepskins
299
267
336
69
26
Other rural(a)
1 940
1 954
2 063
109
6
Non-rural goods
20 249
19 527
18 896
-631
-3
Metal ores and minerals(b)
6 930
6 458
6 343
-115
-2
Coal, coke and briquettes(c)
5 290
4 971
4 863
-108
-2
Other mineral fuels(b)(d)
3 146
3 112
2 725
-387
-12
Metals (excl. non-monetary gold)
988
1 034
1 025
-9
-1
Machinery
838
863
845
-18
-2
Transport equipment
399
453
434
-19
-4
Other manufactures
1 659
1 648
1 654
6
-
Other non-rural (incl. sugar and beverages)(a)
862
860
885
25
3
Goods procured in ports by carriers(d)
137
128
123
-5
-4
Net exports of goods under merchanting(e)
27
26
22
-4
-15
Non-monetary gold(e)
1 515
1 921
1 591
-330
-17

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) For all time periods, estimates for sugar, sugar preparations and honey are included in Other non-rural.
(b) From July 2005, this component is seasonally adjusted using seasonal factors derived from a monthly volume series.
(c) From July 1971 to June 2005, only a length-of-month adjustment has been applied to this component. From July 2005, this component is seasonally adjusted using seasonal factors derived from a monthly volume series.
(d) In using these seasonally adjusted series, care should be exercised because of the difficulties associated with reliably estimating the seasonal pattern.
(e) This component is not seasonally adjusted.


RURAL GOODS

In trend terms, exports of rural goods rose $40m (1%) to $4,190m.

In seasonally adjusted terms, exports of rural goods rose $97m (2%) to $4,255m.

The main components contributing to the rise in seasonally adjusted estimates were:
  • other rural, up $109m (6%)
  • wool and sheepskins, up $69m (26%).

Partly offsetting these rises was cereal grains and cereal preparations, down $117m (13%).

NON-RURAL GOODS

In trend terms, exports of non-rural goods fell $235m (1%) to $19,329m.

In seasonally adjusted terms, exports of non-rural goods fell $631m (3%) to $18,896m.

The main components contributing to the fall in seasonally adjusted estimates were:
  • other mineral fuels, down $387m (12%)
  • metal ores and minerals, down $115m (2%)
  • coal, coke and briquettes, down $108m (2%).

For price and volume details, see the Selected commodities section.

NET EXPORTS OF GOODS UNDER MERCHANTING

In trend terms, net exports of goods under merchanting rose $1m (4%) to $25m.

In seasonally adjusted terms, net exports of goods under merchanting fell $4m (15%) to $22m.

NON-MONETARY GOLD

In trend terms, exports of non-monetary gold rose $55m (3%) to $1,738m.

In original and seasonally adjusted terms, exports of non-monetary gold fell $330m (17%) to $1,591m.


Exports of services
SERVICES CREDITS
Graph: This graph shows the Trend and Seasonally adjusted estimate for Services Credits

SERVICES CREDITS, Seasonally Adjusted

Change in:
May 2017
Jun 2017
Jul 2017
Jul 2017
Jul 2017
$m
$m
$m
$m
%

Total services credits
6 278
6 149
6 308
159
3
Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others(a)
-
-
-
-
-
Maintenance and repair services n.i.e.(a)
6
5
6
1
20
Transport
625
616
615
-1
-
Passenger(b)
228
217
226
9
4
Freight(c)
24
25
25
-
-
Other
248
248
254
6
2
Postal and courier services(d)
125
126
110
-16
-13
Travel
3 977
3 863
3 992
129
3
Other services
1 671
1 665
1 695
30
2
Memorandum item
Tourism related services credits(e)
4 205
4 080
4 218
138
3

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) This component is not seasonally adjusted.
(b) Passenger services includes agency fees and commissions for air transport.
(c) In using these seasonally adjusted series, care should be exercised because of the difficulties associated with reliably estimating the seasonal pattern.
(d) Postal and courier services includes indirect commissions for sea transport.
(e) For a more detailed explanation of tourism related services, see paragraph 29 of the Explanatory Notes.


In trend terms, services credits rose $13m to $6,272m.

In seasonally adjusted terms, services credits rose $159m (3%) to $6,308m.

The main component contributing to the rise in seasonally adjusted estimates was travel, up $129m (3%).

In seasonally adjusted terms, tourism related services credits rose $138m (3%) to $4,218m.

In seasonally adjusted terms, total services credits contributed 20% of total goods and services exported.


IMPORTS OF GOODS AND SERVICES

Between June and July 2017, the trend estimate of goods and services debits rose $125m to $30,786m.

In seasonally adjusted terms, goods and services debits fell $281m (1%) to $30,611m. Consumption goods fell $139m (2%), non-monetary gold fell $92m (17%), intermediate and other merchandise goods fell $77m (1%) and capital goods fell $27m. Services debits rose $54m (1%).


Imports of goods
GOODS DEBITS
Graph: This graph shows the Trend and Seasonally adjusted estimate for Goods Debits

GOODS DEBITS(a), Seasonally Adjusted

Change in:
May 2017
Jun 2017
Jul 2017
Jul 2017
Jul 2017
$m
$m
$m
$m
%

Total goods debits
-23 824
-24 513
-24 178
-335
-1
General merchandise
-23 511
-23 962
-23 719
-243
-1
Consumption goods
-8 362
-8 519
-8 380
-139
-2
Food and beverages, mainly for consumption
-1 088
-1 263
-1 250
-13
-1
Household electrical items
-543
-530
-521
-9
-2
Non-industrial transport equipment
-2 225
-2 065
-2 080
15
1
Textiles, clothing and footwear
-1 504
-1 480
-1 432
-48
-3
Toys, books and leisure goods
-547
-568
-542
-26
-5
Consumption goods n.e.s.
-2 454
-2 614
-2 555
-59
-2
Capital goods
-5 635
-6 364
-6 337
-27
-
Machinery and industrial equipment
-1 745
-1 710
-1 626
-84
-5
ADP equipment
-854
-888
-901
13
1
Telecommunications equipment
-582
-1 041
-1 003
-38
-4
Civil aircraft and confidentialised items(b)(c)
-98
-500
-293
-207
-41
Industrial transport equipment n.e.s.
-795
-981
-984
3
-
Capital goods n.e.s.(d)
-1 560
-1 244
-1 530
286
23
Intermediate and other merchandise goods
-9 514
-9 079
-9 002
-77
-1
Food and beverages, mainly for industry
-155
-150
-154
4
3
Primary industrial supplies n.e.s.(d)
-207
-196
-179
-17
-9
Fuels and lubricants(c)
-2 543
-2 080
-2 205
125
6
Parts for transport equipment
-1 055
-1 073
-1 011
-62
-6
Parts for ADP equipment
-66
-52
-58
6
12
Other parts for capital goods
-1 303
-1 317
-1 282
-35
-3
Organic and inorganic chemicals
-375
-379
-383
4
1
Paper and paperboard
-203
-201
-198
-3
-1
Textile yarn and fabrics
-127
-129
-126
-3
-2
Iron and steel
-257
-248
-256
8
3
Plastics
-356
-350
-344
-6
-2
Processed industrial supplies n.e.s.
-2 718
-2 755
-2 680
-75
-3
Other merchandise goods(b)(e)
-46
-45
-17
-28
-62
Goods procured in ports by carriers(c)
-104
-103
-109
6
6
Non-monetary gold(c)
-313
-551
-459
-92
-17

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) For sign conventions, see paragraph 15 of the Explanatory Notes.
(b) From July 2008, commodities subject to a 'no commodity details' or 'no value details' restriction are included in Civil aircraft and confidentialised items. For earlier periods, commodities subject to a 'no commodity details' or 'no value details' restriction are included in Other merchandise goods.
(c) This component is not seasonally adjusted.
(d) In using these seasonally adjusted series, care should be exercised because of the difficulties associated with reliably estimating the seasonal pattern.
(e) From July 1981, this component is not seasonally adjusted.


CONSUMPTION GOODS

In trend terms, imports of consumption goods rose $27m to $8,440m.

In seasonally adjusted terms, imports of consumption goods fell $139m (2%) to $8,380m.

The main components contributing to the fall in seasonally adjusted estimates were:
  • consumption goods n.e.s., down $59m (2%)
  • textiles, clothing and footwear, down $48m (3%)
  • toys, books and leisure goods, down $26m (5%).

CAPITAL GOODS

In trend terms, imports of capital goods rose $101m (2%) to $6,304m.

In seasonally adjusted terms, imports of capital goods fell $27m to $6,337m.

The main components contributing to the fall in seasonally adjusted estimates were:
  • civil aircraft and confidentialised items, down $207m (41%)
  • machinery and industrial transport equipment, down $84m (5%).

Partly offsetting these falls was capital goods n.e.s., up $286m (23%).

INTERMEDIATE AND OTHER MERCHANDISE GOODS

In trend terms, imports of intermediate and other merchandise goods fell $19m to $9,165m.

In seasonally adjusted terms, imports of intermediate and other merchandise goods fell $77m (1%) to $9,002m.

The main components contributing to the fall in seasonally adjusted estimates were:
  • processed industrial supplies n.e.s., down $75m (3%)
  • parts for transport equipment, down $62m (6%)
  • other parts for capital goods, down $35m (3%)
  • other merchandise goods, down $28m (62%).

Partly offsetting these falls was fuels and lubricants, up $125m (6%).

NON-MONETARY GOLD

In trend terms, imports of non-monetary gold fell $2m to $446m.

In original and seasonally adjusted terms, imports of non-monetary gold fell $92m (17%) to $459m.


Imports of services
SERVICES DEBITS
Graph: This graph shows the Trend and Seasonally adjusted estimate for Services Debits

SERVICES DEBITS(a), Seasonally Adjusted

Change in:
May 2017
Jun 2017
Jul 2017
Jul 2017
Jul 2017
$m
$m
$m
$m
%

Total services debits
-6 415
-6 379
-6 433
54
1
Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others(b)
-
-
-
-
-
Maintenance and repair services n.i.e.(b)
-66
-42
-62
20
48
Transport
-1 405
-1 405
-1 411
6
-
Passenger(c)
-624
-613
-611
-2
-
Freight
-709
-720
-720
-
-
Other(b)
-66
-67
-74
7
10
Postal and courier services(d)(e)
-6
-5
-6
1
20
Travel
-2 865
-2 845
-2 871
26
1
Other services
-2 078
-2 087
-2 090
3
-
Memorandum item
Tourism related services debits(f)
-3 490
-3 458
-3 481
23
1

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) For sign conventions, see paragraph 15 of the Explanatory Notes.
(b) This component is not seasonally adjusted.
(c) Passenger services includes agency fees and commissions for air transport.
(d) Postal and courier services includes indirect commissions for sea transport.
(e) In using these seasonally adjusted series, care should be exercised because of the difficulties associated with reliably estimating the seasonal pattern.
(f) For a more detailed explanation of tourism related services, see paragraph 29 of the Explanatory Notes.


In trend terms, services debits rose $19m to $6,432m.

In seasonally adjusted terms, services debits rose $54m (1%) to $6,433m.

The main components contributing to the rise in seasonally adjusted estimates were:
  • travel, up $26m (1%)
  • maintenance and repair services n.i.e., up $20m (48%).

In seasonally adjusted terms, tourism related services debits rose $23m (1%) to $3,481m.

In seasonally adjusted terms, total services debits contributed 21% of total goods and services imported.


Selected commodities

Selected commodities, quantity and unit value analysis - International merchandise trade basis(a): Original terms

Change in
Feb 2017
Mar 2017
Apr 2017
May 2017
Jun 2017
Jul 2017
%
%
%
%
%
%

Iron ore

Lump
Quantity
15
2
5
1
-1
-7
Unit value
-
1
-10
-11
-2
10
Fines
Quantity
-8
16
-
5
-9
-1
Unit value
3
3
-14
-14
-11
7

Coal

Hard coking
Quantity
-10
9
-63
175
3
-2
Unit value
-9
-6
-2
10
p-14
p-11
Semi-soft
Quantity
19
-6
-32
64
5
-20
Unit value
2
-4
p7
1
p-14
p-11
Thermal
Quantity
-8
14
-6
2
1
15
Unit value
-4
2
-
3
-4
p-3

Gas

LNG
Quantity
-10
6
-8
23
7
5
Unit value
-2
-2
7
-4
6
-9

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
p preliminary figure or series subject to revision
(a) Data in this table are on a revised international merchandise trade basis and exclude value adjustments applied to balance of payments series.


International merchandise trade exports data presented in the above table are based on information reported by exporters to the Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP). For commodities such as iron ore and coal, newly negotiated contract prices are not fully reflected in data first reported to DIBP. Final quantity and/or unit price information is updated progressively in international merchandise trade data as exporters revise the information provided to DIBP. When additional information for these commodities is available, the ABS may adjust the data to reflect actual transaction values.

Unit values in this publication are presented in Australian dollar terms. Movements in the unit values for some commodities incorporate movements in the United States dollar prices reported to DIBP and movements in the Australian dollar to United States dollar exchange rate.

On an international merchandise trade basis, in original terms (noting the footnote in the above table), between June and July 2017 the largest movements recorded for the following selected commodities were:

Iron ore lump, up $22m (2%), with quantities down 7% and unit values up 10%. Exports to:
  • China (excluding SARs and Taiwan) rose $99m (11%), with quantities down 3% and unit values up 15%
  • Japan fell $40m (17%), with quantities down 15% and unit values down 1%
  • the Republic of Korea fell $34m (34%), with quantities down 30% and unit values down 6%.

Iron ore fines, up $176m (6%), with quantities down 1% and unit values up 7%. Exports to:
  • China (excluding SARs and Taiwan) rose $209m (8%), with unit values up 9%
  • Japan rose $35m (15%), with quantities up 25% and unit values down 8%
  • the Republic of Korea fell $84m (31%), with quantities down 39% and unit values up 13%.

Hard coking coal, down $293m (13%), with quantities down 2% and unit values down 11%. Exports to:
  • India fell $215m (31%), with quantities down 13% and unit values down 21%
  • Netherlands fell $86m (47%), with quantities down 38% and unit values down 15%.

Semi-soft coal, down $273m (29%), with quantities down 20% and unit values down 11%. Exports to:
  • Japan fell $135m (43%), with quantities down 28% and unit values down 21%
  • India fell $56m (27%), with quantities down 24% and unit values down 4%
  • Vietnam fell $29m, with no exports in July 2017
  • China (excluding SARs and Taiwan) fell $27m (19%), with quantities down 12% and unit values down 8%
  • the Republic of Korea fell $22m (16%), with quantities down 11% and unit values down 5%.

Thermal coal, up $203m (12%), with quantities up 15% and unit values down 3%. Exports to:
  • Taiwan rose $112m (81%), with quantities up 73% and unit values up 5%
  • the Republic of Korea rose $79m (30%), with quantities up 43% and unit values down 9%.

Liquefied natural gas (LNG), down $100m (4%), with quantities up 5% and unit values down 9%.